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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Rana S Hinman, Paul McCrory, Marie Pirotta, Ian Relf, Andrew Forbes, Kay M Crossley, Elizabeth Williamson, Mary Kyriakides, Kitty Novy, Ben R Metcalf, Anthony Harris, Prasuna Reddy, Philip G Conaghan, Kim L Bennell
IMPORTANCE: There is debate about benefits of acupuncture for knee pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of laser and needle acupuncture for chronic knee pain. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Zelen-design clinical trial (randomization occurred before informed consent), in Victoria, Australia (February 2010-December 2012). Community volunteers (282 patients aged ≥50 years with chronic knee pain) were treated by family physician acupuncturists...
October 1, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Anna Mavroforou, Konstantinos Malizos, Theofilos Karachalios, Konstantinos Chatzitheofilou, Athanasios D Giannoukas
BACKGROUND: Limb amputation has been carried out through the ages as a punitive method in various parts of the world. This article highlights the historical and societal background associated with the use of punitive limb amputation. METHODS: We performed an extensive electronic search of the pertinent literature augmented with a hand-search of additional sources. RESULTS: Evidence for punitive amputation is available as early as the court of the Babylonian Code of King Hammurabi (circa 1750 Before the Common Era [BCE]), which imposed punitive limb amputations on slaves who used force against free citizens...
October 2014: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Elizabeth Varney, Jane Buckle
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this pilot study was to determine the effectiveness of a mixture of essential oils (peppermint, basil, and helichrysum) on mental exhaustion, or moderate burnout (ME/MB) using a personal inhaler. DESIGN: This was a randomized, controlled, double-blind pilot study. Data were collected 3 times a day for 3 weeks (Monday-Friday). The first week was baseline for both groups, the second week was intervention (aromatherapy or placebo), and the third week was washout...
January 2013: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Robert V O'Toole, John Hardcastle, Rajeev Garapati, W Andrew Eglseder
INTRODUCTION: The ideal treatment of an isolated radial artery injury that is associated with a fracture of the distal radius is unknown. Our purposes were to assess the incidence of this injury pattern and to describe the outcomes of our treatment protocol. We hypothesised that combined routine repair of the artery during operative treatment results in a satisfactory outcome. METHODS: Our study group consisted of 14 patients who were treated by one surgeon with a consistent treatment algorithm...
April 2013: Injury
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