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By David Bennett Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeon in the United States
Michael Brian Cross, Paul Hyunsoo Yi, Charlotte F Thomas, Jane Garcia, Craig J Della Valle
Malnutrition can increase the risk of surgical site infection in both elective spine surgery and total joint arthroplasty. Obesity and diabetes are common comorbid conditions in patients who are malnourished. Despite the relatively high incidence of nutritional disorders among patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery, the evaluation and management of malnutrition is not generally well understood by practicing orthopaedic surgeons. Serologic parameters such as total lymphocyte count, albumin level, prealbumin level, and transferrin level have all been used as markers for nutrition status...
March 2014: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Jeanick Brisswalter, Julien Louis
Master athletes are more than 35 years of age and continue to train as hard as their young counterparts despite the aging process. All life long, they are capable of accomplishing exceptional sporting performances. For these participants in endurance events, matching energy intake and expenditure is critical to maintain health and performance. The proportions of carbohydrate, fat, and protein must be optimized to provide enough calories to sustain the energy requirements of competition or training, and for recovery...
March 2014: Sports Medicine
Peter Rhee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2011: Journal of Trauma
Y Wengstrom, L K Wahren, E Grodzinsky
OBJECTIVE: Poor nutritional status amongst elderly individuals with hip fractures is well documented. Studies have suggested that 30-50 % of patients admitted to orthopaedic departments suffer from protein-energy malnutrition (PEM). DESIGN: An 6 month intervention study. SETTING: The study was conducted in Sweden between February 2005 and October 2006. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly patients with hip fractures (n=32). METHODS: Evaluation of compliance with individual nutritional support and whether body weight and body fat (BF) could be maintained after six months...
August 2009: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R M Lawson, M K Doshi, L E Ingoe, J M Colligan, J R Barton, I Cobden
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown clinical benefits of nutritional supplementation in orthopaedic and elderly patients in both under and well nourished groups. However, patient compliance with the supplementation has not been reported. AIM: To assess level of patient compliance with nutritional supplementation when prescribed postoperatively to unselected orthopaedic patients as part of a large controlled trial researching the clinical benefits of non-targeted nutritional supplementation...
June 2000: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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