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By Valerie Langlois R1 emergency medicine
David Slessor, Simon Hunter
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The role of emergency department (ED) thoracotomy after blunt trauma is controversial. The objective of this review is to determine whether patients treated with an ED thoracotomy after blunt trauma survive and whether survivors have a good neurologic outcome. METHODS: A structured search was performed with MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PubMed. Inclusion criteria were ED thoracotomy or out-of-hospital thoracotomy, cardiac arrest or periarrest, and blunt trauma...
March 2015: Annals of Emergency Medicine
H M A Kaafarani, G C Velmahos
INTRODUCTION: Most preventable trauma deaths are due to uncontrolled hemorrhage. METHODS: In this article, we briefly describe the pathophysiology of the classical triad of death in trauma, namely, acidosis, hypothermia, and coagulopathy, and then suggest damage control resuscitation strategies to prevent and/or mitigate the effects of each in the bleeding patient. RESULTS: Damage control resuscitation strategies include body rewarming, restrictive fluid administration, permissive hypotension, balanced blood product administration, and the implementation of massive transfusion protocols...
June 2014: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
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