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Pancreatitis in ICU treatment 2014

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6 papers 1000+ followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Veit Phillip, Jörg M Steiner, Hana Algül
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a potentially life-threatening disease with a wide spectrum of severity. The overall mortality of AP is approximately 5%. According to the revised Atlanta classification system, AP can be classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Severe AP often takes a clinical course with two phases, an early and a late phase, which should both be considered separately. In this review article, we first discuss general aspects of AP, including incidence, pathophysiology, etiology, and grading of severity, then focus on the assessment of patients with suspected AP, including diagnosis and risk stratification, followed by the management of AP during the early phase, with special emphasis on fluid therapy, pain management, nutrition, and antibiotic prophylaxis...
August 15, 2014: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology
José Manuel Aranda-Narváez, Antonio Jesús González-Sánchez, María Custodia Montiel-Casado, Alberto Titos-García, Julio Santoyo-Santoyo
Necrosis of pancreatic parenchyma or extrapancreatic tissues is present in 10%-20% of patients with acute pancreatitis, defining the necrotizing presentation frequently associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. During the initial phase of acute necrotizing pancreatitis the most important pillars of medical treatment are fluid resuscitation, early enteral nutrition, endoscopic retrograde colangiopancreatography if associated cholangitis and intensive care unit support. When infection of pancreatic or extrapancreatic necrosis occurs, surgical approach constitutes the most accepted therapeutic option...
December 16, 2014: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Paul Georg Lankisch, Minoti Apte, Peter A Banks
Acute pancreatitis, an inflammatory disorder of the pancreas, is the leading cause of admission to hospital for gastrointestinal disorders in the USA and many other countries. Gallstones and alcohol misuse are long-established risk factors, but several new causes have emerged that, together with new aspects of pathophysiology, improve understanding of the disorder. As incidence (and admission rates) of acute pancreatitis increase, so does the demand for effective management. We review how to manage patients with acute pancreatitis, paying attention to diagnosis, differential diagnosis, complications, prognostic factors, treatment, and prevention of second attacks, and the possible transition from acute to chronic pancreatitis...
July 4, 2015: Lancet
Olaf J Bakker, Sandra van Brunschot, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Marc G Besselink, Thomas L Bollen, Marja A Boermeester, Cornelis H Dejong, Harry van Goor, Koop Bosscha, Usama Ahmed Ali, Stefan Bouwense, Wilhelmina M van Grevenstein, Joos Heisterkamp, Alexander P Houdijk, Jeroen M Jansen, Thom M Karsten, Eric R Manusama, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Alexander F Schaapherder, George P van der Schelling, Matthijs P Schwartz, B W Marcel Spanier, Adriaan Tan, Juda Vecht, Bas L Weusten, Ben J Witteman, Louis M Akkermans, Marco J Bruno, Marcel G Dijkgraaf, Bert van Ramshorst, Hein G Gooszen
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding through a nasoenteric feeding tube is often used in patients with severe acute pancreatitis to prevent gut-derived infections, but evidence to support this strategy is limited. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial comparing early nasoenteric tube feeding with an oral diet at 72 hours after presentation to the emergency department in patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We enrolled patients with acute pancreatitis who were at high risk for complications on the basis of an Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 8 or higher (on a scale of 0 to 71, with higher scores indicating more severe disease), an Imrie or modified Glasgow score of 3 or higher (on a scale of 0 to 8, with higher scores indicating more severe disease), or a serum C-reactive protein level of more than 150 mg per liter...
November 20, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
Todd H Baron, Todd Baron
Severe acute pancreatitis causes high rates of illness and death. Simple scoring predictors can help identify patients at risk so that treatment, primarily supportive, can begin promptly after presentation. Medical therapy is the mainstay, with supportive therapy consisting of controlled volume resuscitation and enteral feeding. Minimally invasive drainage and debridement play a role in managing infective pancreatic necrosis but in general should not be used until at least 4 weeks after the acute illness.
June 2013: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
Jan J De Waele
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the changing insights in the pathophysiology and management of acute pancreatitis. RECENT FINDINGS: The outdated 1992 Atlanta classification has been replaced by two new classifications, both of which acknowledge the role of organ dysfunction in determining the outcome of acute pancreatitis, and both of which have introduced a new category of 'moderate' pancreatitis. The new classifications will allow fewer patients to be classified as severe, which better reflects the risk of dying of the disease...
April 2014: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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