RBC Child Neurology Recommended Reading List

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47 papers 25 to 100 followers
Meng-Chuan Lai, Evdokia Anagnostou, Max Wiznitzer, Carrie Allison, Simon Baron-Cohen
Autism is both a medical condition that gives rise to disability and an example of human variation that is characterised by neurological and cognitive differences. The goal of evidence-based intervention and support is to alleviate distress, improve adaptation, and promote wellbeing. Support should be collaborative, with autistic individuals, families, and service providers taking a shared decision-making approach to maximise the individual's potential, minimise barriers, and optimise the person-environment fit...
May 2020: Lancet Neurology
Mark S Scher
Clinical service, educational, and research components of a fetal/neonatal neurology program are anchored by the disciplines of developmental origins of health and disease and life-course science as programmatic principles. Prenatal participation provides perspectives on maternal, fetal, and placental contributions to health or disease for fetal and subsequent neonatal neurology consultations. This program also provides an early-life diagnostic perspective for neurologic specialties concerned with brain health and disease throughout childhood and adulthood...
2019: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Jeffrey R Botkin, John W Belmont, Jonathan S Berg, Benjamin E Berkman, Yvonne Bombard, Ingrid A Holm, Howard P Levy, Kelly E Ormond, Howard M Saal, Nancy B Spinner, Benjamin S Wilfond, Joseph D McInerney
In 1995, the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) and American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) jointly published a statement on genetic testing in children and adolescents. In the past 20 years, much has changed in the field of genetics, including the development of powerful new technologies, new data from genetic research on children and adolescents, and substantial clinical experience. This statement represents current opinion by the ASHG on the ethical, legal, and social issues concerning genetic testing in children...
July 2, 2015: American Journal of Human Genetics
Jessica Rexach, Hane Lee, Julian A Martinez-Agosto, Andrea H Németh, Brent L Fogel
Next-generation sequencing technologies allow for rapid and inexpensive large-scale genomic analysis, creating unprecedented opportunities to integrate genomic data into the clinical diagnosis and management of neurological disorders. However, the scale and complexity of these data make them difficult to interpret and require the use of sophisticated bioinformatics applied to extensive datasets, including whole exome and genome sequences. Detailed analysis of genetic data has shown that accurate phenotype information is essential for correct interpretation of genetic variants and might necessitate re-evaluation of the patient in some cases...
May 2019: Lancet Neurology
James J Dowling, Hernan D Gonorazky, Ronald D Cohn, Craig Campbell
Pediatric neuromuscular diseases encompass all disorders with onset in childhood and where the primary area of pathology is in the peripheral nervous system. These conditions are largely genetic in etiology, and only those with a genetic underpinning will be presented in this review. This includes disorders of the anterior horn cell (e.g., spinal muscular atrophy), peripheral nerve (e.g., Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease), the neuromuscular junction (e.g., congenital myasthenic syndrome), and the muscle (myopathies and muscular dystrophies)...
April 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Jun T Park, Asim M Shahid, Adham Jammoul
Benign rolandic epilepsy (BRE), childhood idiopathic occipital epilepsy (CIOE), childhood absence epilepsy (CAE), and juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) are some of the common epilepsy syndromes in the pediatric age group. Among the four, BRE is the most commonly encountered. BRE remits by age 16 years with many children requiring no treatment. Seizures in CAE also remit at the rate of approximately 80%; whereas, JME is considered a lifelong condition even with the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Neonates and infants may also present with seizures that are self-limited with no associated psychomotor disturbances...
February 2015: Pediatric Annals
Gary Rex Nelson
West syndrome, or infantile spasms syndrome is a frequently catastrophic infantile epileptic encephalopathy with a variety of etiologies. Despite the heterogeneous nature of causes of infantile spasms, a careful diagnostic evaluation can lead to diagnosis in many patients and may guide treatment choices. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain remains the highest yield initial study in determining the etiology in infantile spasms. Treatment of infantile spasms has little class I data, but adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prednisolone and vigabatrin have the best evidence as first-line medications...
October 2015: Translational pediatrics
D Hirtz, S Ashwal, A Berg, D Bettis, C Camfield, P Camfield, P Crumrine, R Elterman, S Schneider, S Shinnar
OBJECTIVE: The Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology develops practice parameters as strategies for patient management based on analysis of evidence. For this practice parameter, the authors reviewed available evidence on evaluation of the first nonfebrile seizure in children in order to make practice recommendations based on this available evidence. METHODS: Multiple searches revealed relevant literature and each article was reviewed, abstracted, and classified...
September 12, 2000: Neurology
John Glod, Gilbert J Rahme, Harpreet Kaur, Eric H Raabe, Eugene I Hwang, Mark A Israel
Great progress has been made in many areas of pediatric oncology. However, tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) remain a significant challenge. A recent explosion of data has led to an opportunity to understand better the molecular basis of these diseases and is already providing a foundation for the pursuit of rationally chosen therapeutics targeting relevant molecular pathways. The molecular biology of pediatric brain tumors is shifting from a singular focus on basic scientific discovery to a platform upon which insights are being translated into therapies...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Christopher D Turner, Celiane Rey-Casserly, Cori C Liptak, Christine Chordas
Approximately 2 of every 3 of all pediatric patients with brain tumors will be long-term survivors. However, there is a steep cost for pediatric brain tumor survivors, and the group as a whole faces significantly more late effects than many other survivors of pediatric cancers. Most of these effects can be attributed to direct neurologic damage to the developing brain caused by the tumor and its removal, the long-term toxicity of chemotherapy, or the effects of irradiation on the central nervous system. The late effects experienced by childhood brain tumor survivors involve multiple domains...
November 2009: Journal of Child Neurology
Jennifer C Gidley Larson, Stewart H Mostofsky, Melissa C Goldberg, Laurie E Cutting, Martha B Denckla, E Mark Mahone
Few studies have contrasted performance of typically developing boys and girls on standardized motor assessment. In the present study, developmental status of the motor system was assessed in 144 typically developing children (72 boys, 72 girls, ages 7-14), using the Physical and Neurological Examination for Subtle Signs (PANESS, Denckla, 1985). Four summary variables were examined: (1) Gaits and Stations, (2) Overflow, (3) Dysrythmia, and (4) Timed Movements. For most variables, gender differences were not significant; however significant gender effects were observed for some subtle signs (involuntary movements), gaits and stations, and timed patterned movements...
2007: Developmental Neuropsychology
Sinéad Barry, Gillian Baird, Karine Lascelles, Penny Bunton, Tammy Hedderly
AIM: The term 'stereotypies' encompasses a diverse range of movements, behaviours, and/or vocalizations that are repetitive, lack clear function, and sometimes appear to have a negative impact upon an individual's life. This review aims to describe motor stereotypies. METHOD: This study reviewed the current literature on the nature, aetiology, and treatment of motor stereotypies. RESULTS: Motor stereotypies occur commonly but not exclusively in autistic spectrum disorders...
November 2011: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Lidia Frejo, Ina Giegling, Roberto Teggi, Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Dan Rujescu
The two most common vestibular disorders are motion sickness and vestibular migraine, affecting 30 and 1-2% of the population respectively. Both are related to migraine and show a familial trend. Bilateral vestibular hypofunction is a rare condition, and some of patients also present cerebellar ataxia and neuropathy. We present recent advances in the genetics of vestibular disorders with familial aggregation. The clinical heterogeneity observed in different relatives of the same families suggests a variable penetrance and the interaction of several genes in each family...
April 2016: Journal of Neurology
Julian M Stewart, Jeffrey R Boris, Gisela Chelimsky, Phillip R Fischer, John E Fortunato, Blair P Grubb, Geoffrey L Heyer, Imad T Jarjour, Marvin S Medow, Mohammed T Numan, Paolo T Pianosi, Wolfgang Singer, Sally Tarbell, Thomas C Chelimsky
Orthostatic intolerance (OI), having difficulty tolerating an upright posture because of symptoms or signs that abate when returned to supine, is common in pediatrics. For example, ∼40% of people faint during their lives, half of whom faint during adolescence, and the peak age for first faint is 15 years. Because of this, we describe the most common forms of OI in pediatrics and distinguish between chronic and acute OI. These common forms of OI include initial orthostatic hypotension (which is a frequently seen benign condition in youngsters), true orthostatic hypotension (both neurogenic and nonneurogenic), vasovagal syncope, and postural tachycardia syndrome...
January 2018: Pediatrics
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub, Alejandra Daruich
Ophthalmologic manifestations of mitochondrial disorders are frequently neglected or overlooked because they are often not regarded as part of the phenotype. This review aims at summarizing and discussing the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of ophthalmologic manifestations of mitochondrial disorders. Review of publications about ophthalmologic involvement in mitochondrial disorders by search of Medline applying appropriate search terms. The eye is frequently affected by syndromic as well as nonsyndromic mitochondrial disorders...
April 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Anthony A Figaji
General and central nervous system anatomy and physiology in children is different to that of adults and this is relevant to traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury. The controversies and uncertainties in adult neurotrauma are magnified by these differences, the lack of normative data for children, the scarcity of pediatric studies, and inappropriate generalization from adult studies. Cerebral metabolism develops rapidly in the early years, driven by cortical development, synaptogenesis, and rapid myelination, followed by equally dramatic changes in baseline and stimulated cerebral blood flow...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
Michael J Rivkin, Timothy J Bernard, Michael M Dowling, Catherine Amlie-Lefond
Stroke in children carries lasting morbidity. Once recognized, it is important to evaluate and treat children with acute stroke efficiently and accurately. All children should receive neuroprotective measures. It is reasonable to consider treatment with advanced thrombolytic and endovascular agents. Delivery of such care requires purposeful institutional planning and organization in pediatric acute care centers. Primary stroke centers established for adults provide an example of the multidisciplinary approach that can be applied to the evaluation and treatment of children who present with acute stroke...
March 2016: Pediatric Neurology
Mary V Greiner, Hansel M Greiner, Marguerite M Caré, Deanna Owens, Robert Shapiro, Katherine Holland
The primary objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of nonconvulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus in patients with abusive head trauma who underwent electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring and to describe predictive factors for this population. Children with a diagnosis of abusive head trauma were studied retrospectively to determine the rate of EEG monitoring, the rate of nonconvulsive seizures and nonconvulsive status epilepticus, and the associated neuroimaging findings...
November 2015: Journal of Child Neurology
Christopher C Giza, Jeffrey S Kutcher, Stephen Ashwal, Jeffrey Barth, Thomas S D Getchius, Gerard A Gioia, Gary S Gronseth, Kevin Guskiewicz, Steven Mandel, Geoffrey Manley, Douglas B McKeag, David J Thurman, Ross Zafonte
OBJECTIVE: To update the 1997 American Academy of Neurology (AAN) practice parameter regarding sports concussion, focusing on 4 questions: 1) What factors increase/decrease concussion risk? 2) What diagnostic tools identify those with concussion and those at increased risk for severe/prolonged early impairments, neurologic catastrophe, or chronic neurobehavioral impairment? 3) What clinical factors identify those at increased risk for severe/prolonged early postconcussion impairments, neurologic catastrophe, recurrent concussions, or chronic neurobehavioral impairment? 4) What interventions enhance recovery, reduce recurrent concussion risk, or diminish long-term sequelae? The complete guideline on which this summary is based is available as an online data supplement to this article...
June 11, 2013: Neurology
William D Graf, Geoffrey Miller, Leon G Epstein, Isabelle Rapin
Classic autism has gradually evolved into the concept of a larger "spectrum disorder." The rising prevalence of autism and autism spectrum disorder (autism/ASD) diagnoses can be largely attributed to broader diagnostic criteria, adoption of dimensional assessment strategies, increased awareness, linking of services to diagnosis, and the inclusion of milder neurodevelopmental differences bordering on normality. The spectrum disorder diagnosis raises numerous bioethical issues for individuals and society...
April 4, 2017: Neurology
2019-06-18 18:28:16
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