Steven D Weisbord, Paul M Palevsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases
Kelly V Liang, Amy W Williams, Eddie L Greene, Margaret M Redfield
Heart failure is one of the leading causes of hospitalizations in the United States. Concomitant and significant renal dysfunction is common in patients with heart failure. Increasingly, the syndrome of heart failure is one of cardiorenal failure, in which concomitant cardiac and renal dysfunctions exist, with each accelerating the progression of the other. One fourth of patients hospitalized for the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure will experience significant worsening of renal function, which is associated with worse outcomes...
January 2008: Critical Care Medicine
Norbert Lameire, Wim Van Biesen, Raymond Vanholder
This seminar covers the most recent information on definition, epidemiology, and clinical causes of acute renal failure. The mechanisms of acute prerenal failure and the potential interference by commonly used drugs of autoregulation of renal blood flow are discussed. We summarise some basic and recent insights into the haemodynamic and cellular pathophysiological mechanisms, mainly of postischaemic acute renal failure. Recent findings on the repair mechanisms of renal injury and the potential future therapeutic possibilities are discussed...
January 29, 2005: Lancet
William G Kussmaul, Ashwini R Sehgal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 7, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Y Joseph Hwang, Stephanie N Dixon, Jeffrey P Reiss, Ron Wald, Chirag R Parikh, Sonja Gandhi, Salimah Z Shariff, Neesh Pannu, Danielle M Nash, Faisal Rehman, Amit X Garg
BACKGROUND: Several adverse outcomes attributed to atypical antipsychotic drugs, specifically quetiapine, risperidone, and olanzapine, are known to cause acute kidney injury (AKI). Such outcomes include hypotension, acute urinary retention, and the neuroleptic malignant syndrome or rhabdomyolysis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk for AKI and other adverse outcomes associated with use of atypical antipsychotic drugs versus nonuse. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study...
August 19, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Rozalina McCoy, Steven Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Sajiram Sarvananthan, Prakash P Punjabi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 19, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Gauranga C Dhar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Hiddo J Lambers Heerspink, Carlo J A M Gaillard, Ron T Gansevoort
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Erin D Michos, Lisa M Wilson, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Zackary Berger, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, Sylvie R Stacy, Eric B Bass
BACKGROUND: Clinicians face uncertainty about the prognostic value of troponin testing in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) without suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS). PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature on troponin testing in patients with CKD without ACS. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through May 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Studies examining elevated versus normal troponin levels in patients with CKD without ACS...
October 7, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Rumeyza Kazancio─člu
Chronic kidney disease has become a serious public health issue. There are currently over 1.4 million patients receiving renal replacement therapy worldwide. One way to reduce the economic burden of chronic kidney disease would be early intervention. In order to achieve this, we should be able to identify individuals with increased risk of renal disease. An individual's genetic and phenotypic make-up puts him/her at risk for kidney disease. Factors such as race, gender, age, and family history are highly important...
December 2013: Kidney International Supplements
Sylvie R Stacy, Catalina Suarez-Cuervo, Zackary Berger, Lisa M Wilson, Hsin-Chieh Yeh, Eric B Bass, Erin D Michos
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have high prevalence of elevated serum troponin levels, which makes diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) challenging. PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of troponin in ACS diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis among patients with CKD. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials through May 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Studies examining elevated versus normal troponin levels in terms of their diagnostic performance in detection of ACS, effect on ACS management strategies, and prognostic value for mortality or cardiovascular events after ACS among patients with CKD...
October 7, 2014: Annals of Internal Medicine
Deepa Suryanarayan, Sam Schulman
The prescription of new oral anticoagulants is on the rise. As opposed to vitamin K antagonists and heparins the new agents have single targets in the coagulation cascade, more predictable pharmacokinetics and they lack validated and available antidotes. In general, the new agents have similar or lower bleeding risk than vitamin K antagonists, especially risk of intracranial bleeding. Risk factors for bleeding are typically the same for old and new anticoagulants. Old age, renal dysfunction and concomitant antiplatelet agents seem to be recurring risk factors...
May 2014: Thrombosis Research
Joonseok Kim, Mrinal Yadava, In Chul An, Abrar Sayeed, Heather S Laird-Fick, Venu Gourineni, George S Abela
Introduction. Dabigatran is an oral direct thrombin inhibitor which has been approved for prophylaxis of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. The use of dabigatran etexilate increased rapidly due to many benefits. However, questions have been raised constantly regarding the safety of dabigatran etexilate. Case. A 58-year-old Caucasian male with a history of recurrent paroxysmal atrial fibrillation status after pacemaker and end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis came to the Emergency Department with the complaint of severe epistaxis...
2013: Case Reports in Medicine
Felix Knauf, C Michael Chaknos, Jeffrey S Berns, Mark A Perazella
Dabigatran is an oral direct thrombin inhibitor widely used to prevent and treat various thromboembolic complications. An advantage of this agent over other anticoagulants is that routine laboratory monitoring and related dose adjustments are considered unnecessary. A major disadvantage is the absence of a reliable means of reversing its anticoagulant effect. After U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval, recently emerged data suggest a higher bleeding risk with dabigatran, especially in the elderly. Clinicians are thus faced with caring for patients with serious bleeding events without readily available tests to measure drug levels or the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran and without effective antidotes to rapidly reverse the anticoagulant effect...
September 2013: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Sandra D Browne, Justin McMaster, Syed A Rizvi, Sultan Ahmed
INTRODUCTION: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) and atrial fibrillation are increasingly common concurrent findings among many patients. Coexisting ESRD and atrial fibrillation can further exacerbate each disease process; thus, evidence-based medicine protocols are needed for the treatment of patients with both ESRD and new-onset atrial fibrillation to clarify the appropriate anticoagulant management of such patients. AREAS COVERED: The manuscript surveys the literature to look for a suitable answer to the pressing question that requires development of an evidence-based protocol: 'Which anticoagulant is best for the patient with ESRD and atrial fibrillation?' EXPERT OPINION: Unlike many disease processes that have ample evidence available in order to better manage the patient, in the patient with end-stage kidney disease and new onset of atrial fibrillation, the situation becomes much more complicated...
August 2014: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Antonio Vincenti, Elisa Passini, Paolo Fabbrini, Maria Carmen Luise, Stefano Severi, Simonetta Genovesi
Atrial fibrillation (AF) incidence is high in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients, and haemodialysis (HD) session may induce paroxysmal AF episodes. Structural atrium remodelling is common in ESRD patients, moreover, HD session induces rapid plasma electrolytes and blood volume changes, possibly favouring arrhythmia onset. Therefore, HD session represents a unique model to study in vivo the mechanisms potentially inducing paroxysmal AF episodes. Here, we present the case report of a patient in which HD regularly induced paroxysmal AF...
March 2014: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Robert G Hart, John W Eikelboom, K Scott Brimble, M Sean McMurtry, Alistair J Ingram
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is prevalent in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation and is an independent risk factor for stroke. Warfarin anticoagulation is efficacious for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation patients with moderate CKD (stage III, estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-59 mL/min), but recent observational studies have challenged its value for patients with end-stage renal disease requiring dialysis. The novel oral anticoagulants (i.e., dabigatran, apixaban, rivaroxaban) all undergo renal metabolism to varying degrees, and hence dosing, efficacy, and safety require special consideration in CKD patients...
July 2013: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Manish M Sood, Paul Komenda, Amy R Sood, Claudio Rigatto, Joe Bueti
The risks and benefits of anticoagulation for stroke prevention with atrial fibrillation is clearly delineated in the general population. Little evidence exists for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) about whether the extrapolation of these guidelines is appropriate. In patients with ESRD who are undergoing hemodialysis, the rates for both stroke and bleeding are 3 to 10 times higher than that for the general population. Furthermore, the proportion of hemorrhagic to ischemic strokes has increased, making the decision of whether to initiate anticoagulation problematic...
October 2009: Chest
Simonetta Genovesi, Antonio Santoro
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is very high and also in this population AF is associated with an increased risk of stroke. Warfarin is the treatment of choice for AF to prevent thromboembolic events, but it has been reported that its use in CRF and hemodialysis (HD) patients is associated with an increased risk of bleeding compared with patients with normal renal function. Moreover, historical studies suggest that warfarin increases the incidence of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes in HD patients...
January 2013: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
2014-07-28 00:57:20
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