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liver failure ACUTE

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Jason Mann No BS pulmonary critical care fellow
Eva-Maria Hauer, David Stark, Dimitre Staykov, Tobias Steigleder, Stefan Schwab, Juergen Bardutzky
OBJECTIVE: To study the safety and the effects of early continuous hypertonic saline infusion in patients with cerebral edema and underlying cerebrovascular disease. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS: Neurologic intensive care unit population with mixed cerebrovascular diseases. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Between May 2008 and December 2009, 100 patients with severe intracerebral hemorrhage, cerebral ischemia, or aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and signs of intracranial hypertension received within ≤72 hrs after symptom onset a continuous infusion of hypertonic saline (3%, target sodium 145-155 mmol/L, target osmolality 310-320 mOsm/kg) over 13 (4-23) days...
July 2011: Critical Care Medicine
Constantine J Karvellas, Oren K Fix, Holly Battenhouse, Valerie Durkalski, Corron Sanders, William M Lee
OBJECTIVE: To determine if intracranial pressure monitor placement in patients with acute liver failure is associated with significant clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective multicenter cohort study. SETTING: Academic liver transplant centers comprising the U.S. Acute Liver Failure Study Group. PATIENTS: Adult critically ill patients with acute liver failure presenting with grade III/IV hepatic encephalopathy (n = 629) prospectively enrolled between March 2004 and August 2011...
May 2014: Critical Care Medicine
Chris Willars
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute liver failure (ALF) is associated with significant mortality. Although specific therapies may be available, the evidence base for these and for many aspects of supportive therapy has been slow to emerge. Liver transplantation continues to be a cornerstone of treatment, and the management of ALF, therefore, remains the domain of the specialist ICU. The purpose of this review is to identify and critically appraise the recent evidence and to inspire those who strive to provide excellent care for a difficult patient cohort...
April 2014: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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