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Mersey Care authors

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38 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31496038/predicting-aggression-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-pilot-study-of-the-predictive-efficacy-of-the-current-risk-of-violence-and-the-short-dynamic-risk-scale
#1
Rachael E Lofthouse, Laura Golding, Vasiliki Totsika, Richard P Hastings, William R Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Structured assessments have been shown to assist professionals to evaluate the risk of aggression in secure services for general offender populations and more recently among adults with intellectual disabilities. There is a need to develop intellectual disability sensitive measures for predicting risk of aggression in community samples, especially tools with a focus on dynamic variables. METHODS: The study prospectively followed 28 participants for up to 2 months to test whether the Current Risk of Violence (CuRV) and Short Dynamic Risk Scale (SDRS) were able to predict verbal and physical aggression in a community sample of adults with intellectual disability...
September 9, 2019: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29161190/using-video-stimuli-to-examine-judgments-of-nonoffending-and-offending-pedophiles-a-brief-communication
#2
Katie A Boardman, Ross M Bartels
In this experimental study, 89 participants were allocated to an offending pedophile, nonoffending pedophile, or control video condition. They then watched two short help-seeking video clips of an older male and a younger male (counterbalanced). Judgments about each male were assessed, as were general attitudes toward pedophiles and sexual offenders. Offending pedophiles were judged as more deserving of punishment than the nonoffending pedophiles and controls. Age of the male was found to have an effect on judgments of dangerousness...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29995546/inclusive-and-person-centred-leadership-creating-a-culture-that-involves-everyone
#3
Maslah Amin, Alex Till, Judy McKimm
Contemporary leadership theory is based on the dynamic processes that occur between leaders and followers. One such theory is inclusive leadership, which is a person-centred approach that focuses on the empowerment and development of followers. It has roots in other leadership theories such as transformational leadership, but there are distinguishing features. This review discusses these features and presents a case study. Inclusive leadership is also viewed in the context of diversity, organizational culture and innovation...
July 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30032950/high-drug-related-mortality-rates-following-prison-release-assessing-the-acceptance-likelihood-of-a-naltrexone-injection-and-related-concerns
#4
Philip N Murphy, Faizal Mohammed, Michelle Wareing, Angela Cotton, John McNeill, Paula Irving, Steve Jones, Louisa Sharples, Rebecca Monk, Peter Elton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: High drug related mortality amongst former prisoners in the 4 weeks following release is an internationally recognised problem. Naltrexone injections at release could diminish this by blockading opioid receptors, but naltrexone is not licensed for injection for treating opiate misuse in the United Kingdom and some other countries. This study examined the likelihood of accepting a naltrexone injection at release, and the relationship of this likelihood to other relevant variables...
September 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30263977/ketamine-but-not-the-nmdar-antagonist-lanicemine-increases-prefrontal-global-connectivity-in-depressed-patients
#5
Chadi G Abdallah, Arpan Dutta, Christopher L Averill, Shane McKie, Teddy J Akiki, Lynnette A Averill, J F William Deakin
Background: Identifying the neural correlates of ketamine treatment may facilitate and expedite the development of novel, robust, and safe rapid-acting antidepressants. Prefrontal cortex (PFC) global brain connectivity with global signal regression (GBCr) was recently identified as a putative biomarker of major depressive disorder (MDD). Accumulating evidence have repeatedly shown reduced PFC GBCr in MDD, an abnormality which appears to normalize following ketamine treatment. Methods: Fifty-six unmedicated participants with MDD were randomized to intravenous placebo (normal saline; n = 18), ketamine (0...
January 2018: Chronic stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30674292/a-case-report-of-the-successful-administration-of-clozapine-in-the-face-of-myocardial-infarction-pulmonary-embolism-and-hyperlipidaemia-resulting-in-the-termination-of-long-term-seclusion
#6
Alex Till, Ed Silva
BACKGROUND: Cardiometabolic health significantly impacts on the mortality of people with severe mental illness. Clozapine has the greatest efficacy for Treatment Resistant Schizophrenia (TRS) but the greatest negative impact on cardiometabolic health. Balancing the risks and benefits of treatment, dignity, autonomy, liberty, mental and physical health can be challenging, particularly when imposing interventions with potentially life threatening adverse events, such as clozapine. We describe the successful administration of clozapine in the face of myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism and hyperlipidaemia resulting in the termination of long-term seclusion for a gentleman with TRS in high secure psychiatric services...
January 23, 2019: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729646/shame-social-deprivation-and-the-quality-of-the-voice-hearing-relationship
#7
Louise J Carden, Pooja Saini, Claire Seddon, Emma Evans, Peter James Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Many individuals hold different beliefs about the voices that they hear and have distinct relationships with them, the nature of which may determine the distress experienced. Understanding what factors contribute to these beliefs and relationships and consequently the resulting distress is important. The current research examined whether shame and social deprivation, in a sample of adult voice-hearers, were related to the relationships that individuals had with their voices or the beliefs that they held about them...
February 6, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30976684/impacting-on-factors-promoting-intra-group-aggression-in-secure-psychiatric-settings
#8
J L Ireland, I Sebalo, K McNeill, K Murphy, G Brewer, C A Ireland, S Chu, M Lewis, L Greenwood, T Nally
Three preliminary and linked studies investigate the impact of making alterations to factors considered relevant to engaging in and experiencing intra-group aggression (bullying) among adult male patients detained in a single secure forensic hospital. Study one (n = 44) outlines the institutional factors, attitudes towards bullying and environmental factors that increase the likelihood of engaging in bullying and/or being victimised. Study two (n = 53 patients and 167 staff) assesses the effect of three variations of intervention that aimed to reduce intra-group aggression through direct alteration of the physical and psychosocial environment, using data from both patients and staff...
March 2019: Heliyon
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31122639/predicting-security-incidents-in-high-secure-male-psychiatric-care
#9
Carol A Ireland, Jane L Ireland, Naomi S Jones, Simon Chu, Michael Lewis
PURPOSE: The contribution of environmental and organisational factors in predicting security incidents within a high secure male psychiatric setting is considered using a series of connected studies; a systematic literature review comprising 41 studies and five inquiries (Study 1) to identify core themes of likely importance; application of these themes to incident data through assessment of the ward culture, as perceived by 73 male psychiatric patients and 157 staff (Study 2); and detailed examination of noted relevant factors in the form of interpersonal style, meaningful activity and physical environmental characteristics in a study comprising 62 patients and 151 staff (Study 3)...
May 2019: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31144677/mogadishu-calling-mental-health-awareness-in-somalia-via-an-innovative-live-video-based-mental-health-teaching-programme-established-between-liverpool-and-mogadishu
#10
Yasir Abbasi, James Forryan, Abdi Ahmed, Paul Kypriano, Rebecca Martinez
In 2013 the Federal Government of Somalia contacted the Mersey Care National Health Service Foundation Trust (MCFT), asking whether they could formulate a teaching programme tailored towards improving mental health provision in Somalia, and the E-learning Mental Health Training Programme (SOM-Health) was eventually conceived. The fundamental aim was to provide mental health awareness to practitioners and trainees in Somalia so that they could deliver mental healthcare services confidently and effectively.
May 2019: BJPsych international
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31236286/glycopyrrolate-in-comparison-to-hyoscine-hydrobromide-and-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-hypersalivation-induced-by-clozapine-gothic1-a-feasibility-study
#11
Inti Qurashi, Simon Chu, Richard Drake, Victoria Hartley, Imran Chaudhry, J F W Deakin, Nusrat Husain
Background: Clozapine-induced hypersalivation (CIH) is a common side effect of clozapine treatment and is disliked by clozapine patients, potentially threatening adherence to clozapine treatment. We proposed a trial of alternative medications, hyoscine and glycopyrrolate, for the treatment of CIH and the primary objective of the feasibility study was to assess the recruitment and retention of community clozapine patients as well as assess the metrics of the primary hypersalivation measure...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27871302/glycopyrrolate-in-comparison-to-hyoscine-hydrobromide-and-placebo-in-the-treatment-of-hypersalivation-induced-by-clozapine-gothic1-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Inti Qurashi, Simon Chu, Nusrat Husain, Richard J Drake, Imran Chaudhry, J F W Deakin
BACKGROUND: Clozapine is the only medication licensed for the treatment of resistant schizophrenia in the UK. Although efficacious, a common and unpopular side effect of clozapine treatment is clozapine-induced hypersalivation (CIH), which can contribute to non-adherence. The standard treatment for CIH in the UK is hyoscine hydrobromide but this may aggravate cognitive deficits in patients with schizophrenia while glycopyrrolate may be an effective alternative with a more tolerable side effect profile...
November 21, 2016: Trials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31292014/heated-humidified-high-flow-nasal-cannula-for-preterm-infants-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Nigel Fleeman, Yenal Dundar, Prakesh S Shah, Ben Nj Shaw
BACKGROUND: Heated humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) is gaining popularity as a mode of respiratory support. We updated a systematic review and meta-analyses examining the efficacy and safety of HHHFNC compared with standard treatments for preterm infants. The primary outcome was the need for reintubation for preterm infants following mechanical ventilation (post-extubation analysis) or need for intubation for preterm infants not previously intubated (analysis of primary respiratory support)...
2019: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31381244/what-to-look-for-during-constant-observations-expert-consensus-and-a-tool-for-observations-recording
#14
Simon Chu, Katie Lambert, Alison Baker
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Supportive observations is the practice of closely monitoring patients who are acutely unwell in order to keep them safe. There are no formal guidelines for nursing staff on what to observe during observations. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: A consensus of expert opinion suggests that the clinically meaningful behaviours in supportive observations focus on six factors: agitation, self-harm and suicide, violence, negative influence, disengagement and positive behaviour...
August 5, 2019: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30806042/a-preliminary-service-evaluation-of-a-personality-disorder-case-management-service
#15
Simon Graham, Kathia Sullivan, Laura Briggs, Mark Goodall, Rosella Iraci Capucinello
AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of establishing a specialized community personality disorder team on out of area placements, local hospital admissions and out of hours crisis contacts for service users with borderline personality disorder. METHOD: This is a before-after interim evaluation of a new service. We tested, through a paired t-test, whether the intervention generated statistically significant differences over a range of measures of service usage, including out of area placements, local hospital admissions and out of hours crisis contacts...
May 2019: Personality and Mental Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29455177/nmdar-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-a-patient-with-ms-multiple-sclerosis-a-rare-and-challenging-case
#16
Sadia Suleman, Qaiser Javed
We present a rare case of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis in a 41-year-old Caucasian woman, who initially presented with prominent neuropsychiatric symptoms on the background of pre-existing multiple sclerosis. Here, the authors navigate the muddy water between neurology and psychiatry, describing the caveats of antibody testing with a misdiagnosed case of acute and transient psychotic episode. NMDAR encephalitis in MS is a rare condition, which can be easily confused with a new onset psychotic episode...
February 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29624781/predictive-analytics-in-secure-settings
#17
Fearnley David, Welle Dana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29683240/editorial-for-special-issue-on-sexuality
#18
Glynis Murphy, Paul Withers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29567558/peer-support-systems-and-professional-identity-of-student-nurses-undertaking-a-uk-learning-disability-nursing-programme
#19
Joanne L Green
This practitioner based action research examines the implementation of the peer assisted study scheme (PASS) and individual peer mentoring in a cohort of first year undergraduate nursing students. It arose out of the desire of a small number of students in one UK university to transfer from the learning (intellectual) disabilities nursing field to other fields. The number of learning disabilities nurses is falling in England, and nursing shortages and student nurse retention generally is an international concern...
May 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29894243/transformational-leadership-is-this-still-relevant-to-clinical-leaders
#20
David Lo, Judy McKimm, Alex Till
Transformational leadership theory has been at the centre of health-care leadership research for the past three decades, has had a tangible influence on the evolution of NHS leadership development strategies, and is still evident in current frameworks. This article provides an overview of the key concepts and weaknesses of transformational leadership theory and discusses its relevance within the context of the NHS working environment.
June 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
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