collection
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32450242/teaching-clinical-reasoning-and-critical-thinking-from-cognitive-theory-to-practical-application
#1
REVIEW
Jeremy B Richards, Margaret M Hayes, Richard M Schwartzstein
Teaching clinical reasoning is challenging, particularly in the time-pressured and complicated environment of the ICU. Clinical reasoning is a complex process in which one identifies and prioritizes pertinent clinical data to develop a hypothesis and a plan to confirm or refute that hypothesis. Clinical reasoning is related to and dependent on critical thinking skills, which are defined as one's capacity to engage in higher cognitive skills such as analysis, synthesis, and self-reflection. This article reviews how an understanding of the cognitive psychological principles that contribute to effective clinical reasoning has led to strategies for teaching clinical reasoning in the ICU...
October 2020: Chest
https://read.qxmd.com/read/32134787/the-harvard-medical-school-pathways-curriculum-reimagining-developmentally-appropriate-medical-education-for-contemporary-learners
#2
Richard M Schwartzstein, Jules L Dienstag, Randall W King, Bernard S Chang, John G Flanagan, Henrike C Besche, Melanie P Hoenig, Eli M Miloslavsky, K Meredith Atkins, Alberto Puig, Barbara A Cockrill, Kathleen A Wittels, John L Dalrymple, Holly Gooding, David A Hirsh, Erik K Alexander, Sara B Fazio, Edward M Hundert
As the U.S. health care system changes and technology alters how doctors work and learn, medical schools and their faculty are compelled to modify their curricula and teaching methods. In this article, educational leaders and key faculty describe how the Pathways curriculum was conceived, designed, and implemented at Harvard Medical School. Faculty were committed to the principle that educators should focus on how students learn and their ability to apply what they learn in the evaluation and care of patients...
November 2020: Academic Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31834598/social-media-in-knowledge-translation-and-education-for-physicians-and-trainees-a-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Teresa M Chan, Kristina Dzara, Sara Paradise Dimeo, Anuja Bhalerao, Lauren A Maggio
INTRODUCTION: The use of social media is rapidly changing how educational content is delivered and knowledge is translated for physicians and trainees. This scoping review aims to aggregate and report trends on how health professions educators harness the power of social media to engage physicians for the purposes of knowledge translation and education. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted by searching four databases (PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and ERIC) for publications emerging between 1990 to March 2018...
December 13, 2019: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/10820670/managing-the-difficult-learning-situation
#4
J P Langlois, S Thach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2000: Family Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/22444106/-problem-residents-prevalence-problems-and-remediation-in-the-era-of-core-competencies
#5
Denise M Dupras, Randall S Edson, Andrew J Halvorsen, Robert H Hopkins, Furman S McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2012: American Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/18202068/the-problem-junior-whose-problem-is-it
#6
REVIEW
Yvonne Steinert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2008: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/11893387/mentoring-in-medicine-keys-to-satisfaction
#7
Radhika A Ramanan, Russell S Phillips, Roger B Davis, William Silen, Joan Y Reede
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2002: American Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/16117759/mentoring-faculty-in-academic-medicine-a-new-paradigm
#8
Linda Pololi, Sharon Knight
In this paper, we discuss an alternative structure and a broader vision for mentoring of medical faculty. While there is recognition of the need for mentoring for professional advancement in academic medicine, there is a dearth of research on the process and outcomes of mentoring medical faculty. Supported by the literature and our experience with both formal dyadic and group peer mentoring programs as part of our federally funded National Center of Leadership in Academic Medicine, we assert that a group peer, collaborative mentoring model founded on principles of adult education is one that is likely to be an effective and predictably reliable form of mentoring for both women and men in academic medicine...
September 2005: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/9526459/junior-faculty-members-mentoring-relationships-and-their-professional-development-in-u-s-medical-schools
#9
A Palepu, R H Friedman, R C Barnett, P L Carr, A S Ash, L Szalacha, M A Moskowitz
PURPOSE: To determine (1) the prevalence of mentoring relationships for U.S. medical school junior faculty; (2) the quality of these mentoring relationships; (3) any variation by gender or race; and (4) the relationship between mentoring and junior faculty members' perceptions of institutional professional support; research-, teaching-, and clinical-skills development; allocation of time to professional activities; and career satisfaction. METHOD: In 1995 a 177-item survey was mailed to 3,013 full-time faculty at 24 randomly selected U...
March 1998: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/12634219/-having-the-right-chemistry-a-qualitative-study-of-mentoring-in-academic-medicine
#10
Vicki A Jackson, Anita Palepu, Laura Szalacha, Cheryl Caswell, Phyllis L Carr, Thomas Inui
PURPOSE: To develop a deeper understanding of mentoring by exploring lived experiences of academic medicine faculty members. Mentoring relationships are key to developing productive careers in academic medicine, but such alliances hold a certain "mystery." METHOD: Using qualitative techniques, between November 1999 and March 2000, the authors conducted individual telephone interviews of 16 faculty members about their experiences with mentoring. Interviews were taped and transcribed and authors identified major themes through multiple readings...
March 2003: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21531235/defining-the-ideal-qualities-of-mentorship-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-characteristics-of-outstanding-mentors
#11
Christine S Cho, Radhika A Ramanan, Mitchell D Feldman
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to identify the important qualities of outstanding mentors as described by their mentees' letters of nomination for a prestigious lifetime achievement award in mentorship. METHODS: The Lifetime Achievement in Mentorship Award at the University of California, San Francisco, recognizes a faculty member who has demonstrated sustained mentoring excellence in the academic health sciences. Recommendation letters in support of the top 10 nominees in 2008 (n=53 letters) were analyzed using grounded theory and constant comparative technique until thematic saturation was achieved...
May 2011: American Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/27374415/improving-resident-communication-in-the-intensive-care-unit-the-proceduralization-of-physician-communication-with-patients-and-their-surrogates
#12
REVIEW
David C Miller, Jakob I McSparron, Peter F Clardy, Amy M Sullivan, Margaret M Hayes
Effective communication between providers and patients and their surrogates in the intensive care unit (ICU) is crucial for delivery of high-quality care. Despite the identification of communication as a key education focus by the American Board of Internal Medicine, little emphasis is placed on teaching trainees how to effectively communicate in the ICU. Data are conflicting on the best way to teach residents, and institutions vary on their emphasis of communication as a key skill. There needs to be a cultural shift surrounding the education of medical residents in the ICU: communication must be treated with the same emphasis, precision, and importance as placing a central venous catheter in the ICU...
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28833360/understanding-the-impact-of-simulated-patients-on-health-care-learners-communication-skills-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Jessica Kaplonyi, Kelly-Ann Bowles, Debra Nestel, Debra Kiegaldie, Stephen Maloney, Terry Haines, Cylie Williams
CONTEXT: Effective communication skills are at the core of good health care. Simulated patients (SPs) are increasingly engaged as an interactive means of teaching, applying and practising communication skills with immediate feedback. There is a large body of research into the use of manikin-based simulation but a gap exists in the body of research on the effectiveness of SP-based education to teach communication skills that impact patient outcomes. The aim of this systematic review was to critically analyse the existing research, investigating whether SP-based communication skills training improves learner-patient communication, how communication skill improvement is measured, and who measures these improvements...
December 2017: Medical Education
https://read.qxmd.com/read/15710660/patient-physician-communication-why-and-how
#14
John M Travaline, Robert Ruchinskas, Gilbert E D'Alonzo
Patient-physician communication is an integral part of clinical practice. When done well, such communication produces a therapeutic effect for the patient, as has been validated in controlled studies. Formal training programs have been created to enhance and measure specific communication skills. Many of these efforts, however, focus on medical schools and early postgraduate years and, therefore, remain isolated in academic settings. Thus, the communication skills of the busy physician often remain poorly developed, and the need for established physicians to become better communicators continues...
January 2005: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/3361368/enhancing-teaching-effectiveness-and-vitality-in-the-ambulatory-setting
#15
K M Skeff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1988: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/26071822/solutions-to-common-problems-in-training-learners-in-general-internal-medicine-ambulatory-settings
#16
G Dodd Denton, Margaret C Lo, Suzanne Brandenburg, Susan Hingle, Lauren Meade, Shobhina Chheda, Sara B Fazio, Melvin Blanchard, Andrew Hoellein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: American Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/16024412/amee-guide-no-26-clinical-teaching-in-ambulatory-care-settings-making-the-most-of-learning-opportunities-with-outpatients
#17
John A Dent
Increasing student numbers and changes in healthcare delivery are making inpatient settings less ideal for teaching undergraduate students. As the focus of healthcare provision shifts towards ambulatory care, increasing attention must now be given to developing opportunities for clinical teaching in this setting. This Education Guide describes the opportunities to be made available by introducing clinical teaching into ambulatory care venues not usually used for undergraduate teaching as well as different models for maximizing student/patient interaction in traditional outpatient clinics...
June 2005: Medical Teacher
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30800813/fitting-it-all-in-an-interactive-workshop-for-clinician-educators-to-improve-medical-education-in-the-ambulatory-setting
#18
David A Cohen, Joseph Truglio
Introduction: Despite the demonstrated benefits that ambulatory teaching has for patients, learners, and preceptors, there have recently been significant reductions in time allocated to bedside teaching. In response to this decline, multiple techniques have been developed to improve the ability of clinician-educators to teach effectively within busy learner-focused continuity clinics. Methods: This 90-minute interactive workshop helps participants improve their ability to effectively teach in the ambulatory care setting...
August 4, 2017: MedEdPORTAL Publications
https://read.qxmd.com/read/21346503/perspective-viewing-strugglers-through-a-different-lens-how-a-self-regulated-learning-perspective-can-help-medical-educators-with-assessment-and-remediation
#19
Steven J Durning, Timothy J Cleary, John Sandars, Paul Hemmer, Patricia Kokotailo, Anthony R Artino
Medical educators are responsible for training current and future generations of physicians; this includes the early and accurate identification of "struggling" medical trainees, which has implications for future training, practice, and success.The authors propose a theory-based framework, Self-Regulated Learning-Microanalytic Assessment and Training (SRL-MAT), that is specifically designed to foster individual medical trainee self-regulatory beliefs and behaviors, and thus provide a distinct method to assist medical trainees who struggle...
April 2011: Academic Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28504023/twelve-tips-for-effective-body-language-for-medical-educators
#20
Andrew J Hale, Jason Freed, Daniel Ricotta, Grace Farris, C Christopher Smith
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of human communication is nonverbal. Although the fields of business and psychology have significant literature on effectively using body language in a variety of situations, there is limited literature on effective body language for medical educators. AIM: To provide 12 tips to highlight effective body language strategies and techniques for medical educators. METHOD: The tips provided are based on our experiences and reflections as clinician-educators and the available literature...
September 2017: Medical Teacher
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