Delwyn Nicholls, Linda Sweet, Amanda Muller, Jon Hyett
A diverse range of health professionals use psychomotor skills as part of their professional practice roles. Most health disciplines use large or complex psychomotor skills. These skills are first taught by the educator then acquired, performed, and lastly learned. Psychomotor skills may be taught using a variety of widely-accepted and published teaching models. The number of teaching steps used in these models varies from two to seven. However, the utility of these models to teach skill acquisition and skill retention are disputable when teaching complex skills, in contrast to simple skills...
October 2016: Medical Teacher
Pravisha Ravindra, J Edward F Fitzgerald, Aneel Bhangu, Charles A Maxwell-Armstrong
AIMS: Operating room experience offers a unique learning resource, potentially exposing medical students to surgical disease and treatments, use of anesthesia, basic science, team working, and communication skills. However, the alien nature of this environment to newcomers poses particular difficulties in harnessing this resource. This study aimed to assess the operating theater-based teaching and learning experiences of new medical graduates during their medical school course. METHODS: A 41-item, self-administered questionnaire survey was distributed to newly qualified medical school graduates from 1 university consisting of 5 separate teaching hospitals...
2013: Journal of Surgical Education
K Anders Ericsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2004: Academic Medicine
Adelle Atkinson, Christopher J Watling, Paul L P Brand
If used thoughtfully and with intent, feedback and coaching will promote learning and growth as well as personal and professional development in our learners. Feedback is an educational tool as well as a social interaction between learner and supervisor, in the context of a respectful and trusting relationship. It challenges the learner's thinking and supports the learner's growth. Coaching is an educational philosophy dedicated to supporting learners' personal and professional development and growth and supporting them to reach their potential...
February 2022: European Journal of Pediatrics
Jules Lin, Rishindra M Reddy
Teaching and mentorship have a long history in surgical education, but with a growing focus on safety, quality improvement, and continuous professional development, it is clear that the current training system is inadequate. Challenges from changes in residency training, financial constraints, rapidly increasing knowledge, and limited faculty time due to increasing clinical, academic, and research demands require that new approaches are developed, including simulation and online resources. Although coaching is used effectively in other disciplines, surgical coaching remains relatively uncommon...
August 2019: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
Michelle Daniel, Morris Gordon, Madalena Patricio, Ahmad Hider, Cameron Pawlik, Rhea Bhagdev, Shoaib Ahmad, Sebastian Alston, Sophie Park, Teresa Pawlikowska, Eliot Rees, Andrea Jane Doyle, Mohan Pammi, Satid Thammasitboon, Mary Haas, William Peterson, Madelyn Lew, Deena Khamees, Maxwell Spadafore, Nicola Clarke, Jennifer Stojan
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has fundamentally altered how education is delivered. Gordon et al. previously conducted a review of medical education developments in response to COVID-19; however, the field has rapidly evolved in the ensuing months. This scoping review aims to map the extent, range and nature of subsequent developments, summarizing the expanding evidence base and identifying areas for future research. METHODS: The authors followed the five stages of a scoping review outlined by Arskey and O'Malley...
March 2021: Medical Teacher
Janet K Garwood, Azza H Ahmed, Sara A McComb
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of using concept maps as a teaching and learning strategy on students' critical thinking abilities and examine students' perceptions toward concept maps utilizing the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. BACKGROUND: Researchers have found that almost two thirds of nurse graduates do not have adequate critical thinking skills for a beginner nurse. Critical thinking skills are required for safe practice and mandated by accrediting organizations...
2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Marta Fonseca, Beatriz Oliveira, Pedro Carreiro-Martins, Nuno Neuparth, António Rendas
Concept mapping methodology is a way of representing knowledge described as a useful tool in medical education. It was introduced in the pathophysiology curricular unit at NOVA Medical School in 2002, within an ongoing experience of problem-based learning. Our goal is to present a comparison between the students' opinions and performances in two academic years, 2017-18 and 2018-19, to evaluate the effects of pedagogical changes in the concept mapping methodology, applied in the last year, which is also described in detail...
September 1, 2020: Advances in Physiology Education
Marzieh Moattari, Sara Soleimani, Neda Jamali Moghaddam, Farkhondeh Mehbodi
BACKGROUND: Enhancing nursing students' critical thinking is a challenge faced by nurse educators. This study aimed at determining the effect of clinical concept mapping on discipline-based critical thinking of nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this quasi-experimental post-test only design, a convenient sample of 4(th) year nursing students (N = 32) participated. They were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group participated in a 1-day workshop on clinical concept mapping...
January 2014: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Li Cai, Yan-Li Li, Xiang-Yang Hu, Rong Li
The popularity of flipped classroom (FC) is growing in medical education. However, the application of FC in pathology teaching has not been well explored. This study assessed the efficacy of FC combined with case-based learning (CBL) in undergraduate pathology education via comparison with a traditional lecture-based classroom (LBC).A total of 117 third-year students were enrolled and assigned to the FC group (n = 59) or LBC group (n = 58) with demographic matches. Two sections in the pathology textbook (cardiovascular and respiratory system diseases) were chosen for the teaching content...
February 4, 2022: Medicine (Baltimore)
David H Chestnut
Many observers have concluded that we have a crisis of professionalism in the practice of medicine. In this essay, the author identifies and discusses personal attributes and commitments important in the development and maintenance of physician professionalism: humility, servant leadership, self-awareness, kindness, altruism, attention to personal well-being, responsibility and concern for patient safety, lifelong learning, self-regulation, and honesty and integrity. Professionalism requires character, but character alone is not enough...
May 2017: Anesthesiology
Beatrice Pudelko, Meredith Young, Philippe Vincent-Lamarre, Bernard Charlin
CONTEXT: Mapping is a means of representing knowledge in a visual network and is becoming more commonly used as a learning strategy in medical education. The assumption driving the development and use of concept mapping is that it supports and furthers meaningful learning. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this paper was to examine the effectiveness of concept mapping as a learning strategy in health professions education. METHODS: The authors conducted a critical analysis of recent literature on the use of concept mapping as a learning strategy in the area of health professions education...
December 2012: Medical Education
David Morse, France Jutras
An experiment explicitly introducing learning strategies to a large, first-year undergraduate cell biology course was undertaken to see whether awareness and use of strategies had a measurable impact on student performance. The construction of concept maps was selected as the strategy to be introduced because of an inherent coherence with a course structured by concepts. Data were collected over three different semesters of an introductory cell biology course, all teaching similar course material with the same professor and all evaluated using similar examinations...
2008: CBE Life Sciences Education
Douglas Luckie, Scott H Harrison, Diane Ebert-May
Using visual models is common in science and should become more common in classrooms. Our research group has developed and completed studies on the use of a visual modeling tool, the Concept Connector. This modeling tool consists of an online concept mapping Java applet that has automatic scoring functions we refer to as Robograder. The Concept Connector enables students in large introductory science courses to visualize their thinking through online model building. The Concept Connector's flexible scoring system, based on tested grading schemes as well as instructor input, has enabled >1,000 physiology students to build maps of their ideas about plant and animal physiology with the guidance of automatic and immediate online scoring of homework...
March 2011: Advances in Physiology Education
Jason E Dowd, Tanya Duncan, Julie A Reynolds
A pervasive notion in the literature is that complex concept maps reflect greater knowledge and/or more expert-like thinking than less complex concept maps. We show that concept maps used to structure scientific writing and clarify scientific reasoning do not adhere to this notion. In an undergraduate course for thesis writers, students use concept maps instead of traditional outlines to define the boundaries and scope of their research and to construct an argument for the significance of their research. Students generate maps at the beginning of the semester, revise after peer review, and revise once more at the end of the semester...
2015: CBE Life Sciences Education
Bianka Patel, Sarah Mislan, Grace Yook, Adam M Persky
Objective. To assess and elucidate the impact of student pharmacists' knowledge of future access to recorded lectures on their ability to remember information presented during lecture. Methods. Pharmacy students viewed 50 minutes of videotaped lecture in a simulated class period. For the early lecture material, participants were instructed as to whether or not they would have future access to the recorded lectures for restudy prior to their test one week later. For the late lecture material, participants were instructed they would not have future access to lecture material...
June 2019: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Nancy Sturman, Benjamin Mitchell, Amy Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many clinical teachers who previously gave face-to-face lectures now record presentations for students to view asynchronously online. These teachers need to understand student expectations of online lectures (OLLs), and their place in the overall 'ecology' of student learning resources, in order to ensure that students watch, and learn from, their lectures. METHODS: We conducted focus groups with a convenience sample of medical students undertaking their general practice placements, exploring student uses, evaluations and expectations of OLLs...
February 2018: Clinical Teacher
Huo Lin Zeng, Dong Xu Chen, Qian Li, Xing Yue Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this review is to explore the effects of the seminar teaching method versus lecture-based learning (LBL) in the education of medical students by meta-analysis. METHOD: Data and information available on PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang Data, China Science Periodical Database, and Chinese BioMedical were searched and examined from the inception up to January 2020. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigated the effects of the seminar teaching method versus LBL in medical education were included...
December 2020: Medical Teacher
Dina Kurzweil, Karen Marcellas, Brandon Henry, Eric Meyer
Pre-recorded lectures can be an efficient way to convey instructional content to students in distributed environments, but videos that are not of high quality can potentially reduce student engagement. These guidelines are designed to help faculty and staff prepare and develop effective recorded lectures using presentation software such as PowerPoint and Google Slides. The guidelines are evidence-based and represent best practices for the use of media in education. Effective creation of pre-recorded lectures with presentation software is not an easy process, but the time and effort invested will generate a valuable resource...
December 2020: Medical Science Educator
Andrew P Binks, Renée J LeClair, Joanne M Willey, Judith M Brenner, James D Pickering, Jesse S Moore, Kathryn N Huggett, Kathleen M Everling, John A Arnott, Colleen M Croniger, Christa H Zehle, N Kevin Kranea, Richard M Schwartzstein
Issue: Calls to change medical education have been frequent, persistent, and generally limited to alterations in content or structural re-organization. Self-imposed barriers have prevented adoption of more radical pedagogical approaches, so recent predictions of the 'inevitability' of medical education transitioning to online delivery seemed unlikely. Then in March 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic forced medical schools to overcome established barriers overnight and make the most rapid curricular shift in medical education's history...
2021: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
2021-03-29 14:17:45
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