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Emergency Nursing

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By Craig Button Clinical Nurse Educator and current grad student
David L Threatt
BACKGROUND: Early recognition of sepsis in the emergency room (ER) has been shown to improve treatment intervention times and decrease mortality. LOCAL PROBLEM: Failure to recognize early signs and symptoms of sepsis in the ER has led to poor sepsis bundle completion times. METHODS: A comparison of preintervention and postintervention data was performed to determine whether sepsis bundle implementation times, mortality, and length of stay (LOS) improved...
July 8, 2019: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
Milisa Manojlovich, Jessica M Ameling, Jane Forman, Samantha Judkins, Martha Quinn, Jennifer Meddings
BACKGROUND: Indwelling urinary and vascular catheters are a common cause of health care-associated infections. Interventions designed to reduce catheter use can be ineffective if they are not integrated into the workflow and communication streams of busy clinicians. OBJECTIVES: To characterize communication barriers between physicians and nurses and to understand how these barriers affect appropriate use and removal of indwelling urinary and vascular catheters. METHODS: Individual and small-group semistructured interviews were conducted with physicians and nurses in a progressive care unit of an academic hospital...
July 2019: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Stephen D Hallisey, John C Greenwood
Patients in shock present frequently to the emergency department. The emergency physician must be skilled in the resuscitation of both differentiated and undifferentiated shock. Early, aggressive resuscitation of patients in shock is essential, using macrocirculatory, microcirculatory, and clinical end points to guide interventions. Therapy should focus on the restoration of oxygen delivery to match tissue demand. This article reviews the evidence supporting common end points of resuscitation for common etiologies of shock and limitations to their use...
August 2019: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Massimo Girardis, Waleed Alhazzani, Bodil Steen Rasmussen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2019: Intensive Care Medicine
Bruno Levy, Julie Buzon, Antoine Kimmoun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Data and interventional trials regarding vasopressor and inotrope use during cardiogenic shock are scarce. Their use is limited by their side-effects and the lack of solid evidence regarding their effectiveness in improving outcomes. In this article, we review the current use of vasopressor and inotrope agents during cardiogenic shock. RECENT FINDINGS: Two recent Cochrane analyses concluded that there was not sufficient evidence to prove that any one vasopressor or inotrope was superior to another in terms of mortality...
June 3, 2019: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Joseph Yard, Peter B Richman, Ben Leeson, Kimberly Leeson, Guy Youngblood, Jose Guardiola, Michael Miller
Background: Prior research has revealed that cervical collars elevate intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with traumatic brain injury. Two recent small studies evaluated the change in optic sheath nerve diameter (ONSD) measured by ultrasound as a proxy for ICP following cervical collar placement in healthy volunteers. Objective: We sought to validate the finding that ONSD measured by ultrasound increases after cervical collar placement within an independent data set...
April 2019: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
Patricia Conley
The need for highly skilled and knowledgeable critical care nurses continues to evolve today and will in the future. Demands in critical care medicine for nurses with advanced degrees (master's in nursing: clinical nurse specialist; or doctorate in nursing: doctorate of philosophy in nursing or doctor of nursing practice) working in intensive care units or progressive care units can help meet these challenges. Nurses with certification and advanced degrees in nursing can be employed to work in 1 or combined roles such as nurse leaders and nurse researcher or intermittently fulfill roles as bedside nurses...
March 2019: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
Jennifer L White, Judd E Hollander, Anna Marie Chang, Daniel K Nishijima, Amber L Lin, Erica Su, Robert E Weiss, Annick N Yagapen, Susan E Malveau, David H Adler, Aveh Bastani, Christopher W Baugh, Jeffrey M Caterino, Carol L Clark, Deborah B Diercks, Bret A Nicks, Manish N Shah, Kirk A Stiffler, Alan B Storrow, Scott T Wilber, Benjamin C Sun
BACKGROUND: Syncope is a common chief complaint among older adults in the Emergency Department (ED), and orthostatic vital signs are often a part of their evaluation. We assessed whether abnormal orthostatic vital signs in the ED are associated with composite 30-day serious outcomes in older adults presenting with syncope. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of a prospective, observational study at 11 EDs in adults ≥ 60 years who presented with syncope or near syncope...
March 25, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Chao Liu, Guangming Lu, Dong Wang, Yi Lei, Zhi Mao, Pan Hu, Jie Hu, Rui Liu, Dong Han, Feihu Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Fluid resuscitation is a fundamental component of the management of critically ill patients, but whether choice of crystalloid affects patient outcomes remains controversial. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of balanced crystalloids with normal saline. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, Cochrane Central and EMBASE up to October 2018 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared balanced crystalloids versus normal saline in critically ill patients...
March 1, 2019: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
François Dépret, W Frank Peacock, Kathleen D Liu, Zubaid Rafique, Patrick Rossignol, Matthieu Legrand
PURPOSE: To review the mechanisms of action, expected efficacy and side effects of strategies to control hyperkalemia in acutely ill patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for relevant papers published in English between Jan 1, 1938, and July 1, 2018, in accordance with the PRISMA Statement using the following terms: "hyperkalemia," "intensive care," "acute kidney injury," "acute kidney failure," "hyperkalemia treatment," "renal replacement therapy," "dialysis," "sodium bicarbonate," "emergency," "acute...
February 28, 2019: Annals of Intensive Care
Amy J Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2019: Journal of Nursing Education
Markos Karavitakis, Iason Kyriazis, Muhammad Imran Omar, Stavros Gravas, Jean-Nicolas Cornu, Marcus J Drake, Mauro Gacci, Christian Gratzke, Thomas R W Herrmann, Stephan Madersbacher, Malte Rieken, Mark J Speakman, Kari A O Tikkinen, Yuhong Yuan, Charalampos Mamoulakis
CONTEXT: Practice patterns for the management of urinary retention (UR) secondary to benign prostatic obstruction (BPO; UR/BPO) vary widely and remain unstandardized. OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence for managing patients with UR/BPO with pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments included in the European Association of Urology guidelines on non-neurogenic male lower urinary tract symptoms. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Search was conducted up to April 22, 2018, using CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, ClinicalTrials...
February 14, 2019: European Urology
Corey Heitz, Justin Morgenstern, Christopher Bond, William K Milne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2019: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Derek C Angus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2019: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Robert G Hendrickson
While the traditional intravenous N -acetylcysteine (NAC) dosing regimen works well for the vast majority of acetaminophen overdoses, there may be cases of massive overdose where additional NAC may be necessary. Recent evidence suggests that patients with acetaminophen concentrations above the "300-line" develop hepatotoxicity at a higher rate than those below the 300-line, suggesting that an increase of dose may be beneficial at this cut-off. Additional clinical data suggest a further increase in doses at the 450-line and 600-lines...
August 2019: Clinical Toxicology
Sercan Yalçınlı, Funda Karbek Akarca, Özge Can, Alper Şener, Cemile Akbinar
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the factors affecting the first-attempt success of peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) placement in older emergency department patients. BACKGROUND: In older patients who require intravenous treatment, establishing a PIVC as fast as possible is clinically important. DESIGN: This is a prospective, observational, descriptive study. METHODS: Using a data collection form, researchers questioned both the patient and the nurse performing the procedure in terms of patient- and operator-related factors...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Elisabeth De Waele, Manu L N G Malbrain, Herbert D Spapen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent literature on the management of patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) admitted to an ICU. RECENT FINDINGS: SAP is a devastating disease associated with a high morbidity and mortality. Recent evidence advocates adequate risk assessment and severity prediction (including intra-abdominal pressure monitoring), tailored fluid administration favoring balanced crystalloids, withholding prophylactic antibiotic therapy, and early detection and treatment of extra-pancreatic and fungal infections...
April 2019: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Stephen Y Liang, Daire R Jansson, Patrick G Hogan, Tyler W Raclin, Melanie L Sullivan, Carol E Muenks, Satish Munigala, Stacey L House, Stephanie A Fritz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) transmission dynamics in the emergency department (ED) are not well defined; environmental surfaces may serve as reservoirs for transmission. This study investigates the effect of patients with a history of MRSA colonization or infection on subsequent MRSA contamination of the ED environment. METHODS: Adult ED patients with evidence of an MRSA-positive surveillance result or clinical microbiologic culture in the year preceding their current ED visit were enrolled...
February 4, 2019: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Thomas W L Scheeren, Jan Bakker, Daniel De Backer, Djillali Annane, Pierre Asfar, E Christiaan Boerma, Maurizio Cecconi, Arnaldo Dubin, Martin W Dünser, Jacques Duranteau, Anthony C Gordon, Olfa Hamzaoui, Glenn Hernández, Marc Leone, Bruno Levy, Claude Martin, Alexandre Mebazaa, Xavier Monnet, Andrea Morelli, Didier Payen, Rupert Pearse, Michael R Pinsky, Peter Radermacher, Daniel Reuter, Bernd Saugel, Yasser Sakr, Mervyn Singer, Pierre Squara, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Philippe Vignon, Simon T Vistisen, Iwan C C van der Horst, Jean-Louis Vincent, Jean-Louis Teboul
BACKGROUND: Vasopressors are commonly applied to restore and maintain blood pressure in patients with sepsis. We aimed to evaluate the current practice and therapeutic goals regarding vasopressor use in septic shock as a basis for future studies and to provide some recommendations on their use. METHODS: From November 2016 to April 2017, an anonymous web-based survey on the use of vasoactive drugs was accessible to members of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM)...
January 30, 2019: Annals of Intensive Care
A Harley, A N B Johnston, K J Denny, G Keijzers, J Crilly, D Massey
AIM: Sepsis is a significant and time-sensitive clinical concern for patients who present to Emergency Departments (EDs). Existing guidelines do not define nurses' roles in managing sepsis. This study explored ED nurses' experiences and perceptions around recognising and responding to patients with sepsis, and their awareness of sepsis screening and prognostic tools. The knowledge and insights gained from this study may be used to inform local and international ED policies, and enrich nursing educational packages that may be used to improve quality of patient care and patient outcomes...
March 2019: International Emergency Nursing
2019-02-10 13:12:42
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