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Naloxone for overdose

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23 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Brian Still Physician
Abby M Bailey, Daniel P Wermeling
BACKGROUND: Deaths related to opioid overdose have increased in the past decade. Community-based pharmacy practitioners have worked toward overcoming logistic and cultural barriers to make naloxone distribution for overdose prevention a standard and accepted practice. OBJECTIVE: To describe outpatient naloxone dispensing practices, including methods by which practitioners implement dispensing programs, prescribing patterns that include targeted patient populations, barriers to successful implementation, and methods for patient education...
May 2014: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Robert J Tait, Simon Lenton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Addiction
Leanne Hewlett, Daniel P Wermeling
OBJECTIVE: To survey the federal and state-by-state legal status for prescribing, dispensing, and administering naloxone injection. DESIGN: The survey was a review of legislation, which encompassed analyzing current and proposed laws regarding naloxone's role in opioid overdose prevention and treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The primary study outcome was to evaluate the legal aspects of current naloxone overdose prevention and treatment...
September 2013: Journal of Opioid Management
Laura Eggertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 7, 2014: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Caleb J Banta-Green, Leo Beletsky, Jennifer A Schoeppe, Phillip O Coffin, Patricia C Kuszler
Opioid overdoses are an important public health concern. Concerns about police involvement at overdose events may decrease calls to 911 for emergency medical care thereby increasing the chances than an overdose becomes fatal. To address this concern, Washington State passed a law that provides immunity from drug possession charges and facilitates the availability of take-home-naloxone (the opioid overdose antidote) to bystanders in 2010. To examine the knowledge and opinions regarding opioid overdoses and this new law, police (n = 251) and paramedics (n = 28) in Seattle, WA were surveyed...
December 2013: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Daniel P Wermeling
Opioid overdose morbidity and mortality is recognized to have epidemic proportions. Medical and public health agencies are adopting opioid harm reduction strategies to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with overdose. One strategy developed by emergency medical services and public health agencies is to deliver the opioid antidote naloxone injection intranasally to reverse the effects of opioids. Paramedics have used this route to quickly administer naloxone in a needle-free system and avoiding needle-stick injuries and contracting a blood-born pathogen disease such as hepatitis or human immunodeficiency virus...
February 1, 2013: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Phillip O Coffin, Sean D Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of distributing naloxone to illicit opioid users for lay overdose reversal in Russian cities. METHOD: This study adapted an integrated Markov and decision analytic model to Russian cities. The model took a lifetime, societal perspective, relied on published literature, and was calibrated to epidemiologic findings. RESULTS: For each 20% of heroin users reached with naloxone distribution, the model predicted a 13...
August 2013: Journal of Medical Economics
John Strang, Sheila M Bird, Mahesh K B Parmar
The naloxone investigation (N-ALIVE) randomized trial commenced in the UK in May 2012, with the preliminary phase involving 5,600 prisoners on release. The trial is investigating whether heroin overdose deaths post-prison release can be prevented by prior provision of a take-home emergency supply of naloxone. Heroin contributes disproportionately to drug deaths through opiate-induced respiratory depression. Take-home emergency naloxone is a novel preventive measure for which there have been encouraging preliminary reports from community schemes...
October 2013: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Anna V Williams, John Strang, John Marsden
AIMS: To develop an Opioid Overdose Knowledge Scale (OOKS) and an Opioid Overdose Attitudes Scale (OOAS) to evaluate take-home naloxone training. METHODS: Psychometric instrument development study conducted in England using convenience samples. Forty-five items were selected for the OOKS organised in four sub-scales (risks, signs, actions and naloxone use). The OOAS was formed initially of 32 items grouped in three sub-scales (competence, concerns and readiness)...
September 1, 2013: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Alexander Y Walley, Ziming Xuan, H Holly Hackman, Emily Quinn, Maya Doe-Simkins, Amy Sorensen-Alawad, Sarah Ruiz, Al Ozonoff
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of state supported overdose education and nasal naloxone distribution (OEND) programs on rates of opioid related death from overdose and acute care utilization in Massachusetts. DESIGN: Interrupted time series analysis of opioid related overdose death and acute care utilization rates from 2002 to 2009 comparing community-year strata with high and low rates of OEND implementation to those with no implementation. SETTING: 19 Massachusetts communities (geographically distinct cities and towns) with at least five fatal opioid overdoses in each of the years 2004 to 2006...
January 30, 2013: BMJ: British Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
Phillip O Coffin, Sean D Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose is a leading cause of accidental death in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of distributing naloxone, an opioid antagonist, to heroin users for use at witnessed overdoses. DESIGN: Integrated Markov and decision analytic model using deterministic and probabilistic analyses and incorporating recurrent overdoses and a secondary analysis assuming heroin users are a net cost to society...
January 1, 2013: Annals of Internal Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Drug overdose death rates have increased steadily in the United States since 1979. In 2008, a total of 36,450 drug overdose deaths (i.e., unintentional, intentional [suicide or homicide], or undetermined intent) were reported, with prescription opioid analgesics (e.g., oxycodone, hydrocodone, and methadone), cocaine, and heroin the drugs most commonly involved . Since the mid-1990s, community-based programs have offered opioid overdose prevention services to persons who use drugs, their families and friends, and service providers...
February 17, 2012: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Richard Hurley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2011: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Alex S Bennett, Alice Bell, Laura Tomedi, Eric G Hulsey, Alex H Kral
Prevention Point Pittsburgh (PPP) is a public health advocacy organization that operates Allegheny County's only needle exchange program. In 2002, PPP implemented an Overdose Prevention Program (OPP) in response to an increase in heroin-related and opioid-related overdose fatalities in the region. In 2005, the OPP augmented overdose prevention and response trainings to include naloxone training and prescription. The objective of our study is to describe the experiences of 426 individuals who participated in the OPP between July 1, 2005, and December 31, 2008...
December 2011: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Lauren Enteen, Joanna Bauer, Rachel McLean, Eliza Wheeler, Emalie Huriaux, Alex H Kral, Joshua D Bamberger
Opiate overdose is a significant cause of mortality among injection drug users (IDUs) in the United States (US). Opiate overdose can be reversed by administering naloxone, an opiate antagonist. Among IDUs, prevalence of witnessing overdose events is high, and the provision of take-home naloxone to IDUs can be an important intervention to reduce the number of overdose fatalities. The Drug Overdose Prevention and Education (DOPE) Project was the first naloxone prescription program (NPP) established in partnership with a county health department (San Francisco Department of Public Health), and is one of the longest running NPPs in the USA...
December 2010: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Mark A Merlin, Matthew Saybolt, Raffi Kapitanyan, Scott M Alter, Janos Jeges, Junfeng Liu, Susan Calabrese, Kevin O Rynn, Rachael Perritt, Peter W Pryor
INTRODUCTION: This study proposes that intranasal (IN) naloxone administration is preferable to intravenous (IV) naloxone by emergency medical services for opioid overdoses. Our study attempts to establish that IN naloxone is as effective as IV naloxone but without the risk of needle exposure. We also attempt to validate the use of the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) in opioid intoxication. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of prehospital advanced life support patients was performed on confirmed opioid overdose patients...
March 2010: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Debra Kerr, Anne-Maree Kelly, Paul Dietze, Damien Jolley, Bill Barger
AIMS: Traditionally, the opiate antagonist naloxone has been administered parenterally; however, intranasal (i.n.) administration has the potential to reduce the risk of needlestick injury. This is important when working with populations known to have a high prevalence of blood-borne viruses. Preliminary research suggests that i.n. administration might be effective, but suboptimal naloxone solutions were used. This study compared the effectiveness of concentrated (2 mg/ml) i.n. naloxone to intramuscular (i...
December 2009: Addiction
Maya Doe-Simkins, Alexander Y Walley, Andy Epstein, Peter Moyer
Administering naloxone hydrochloride (naloxone) during an opioid overdose reverses the overdose and can prevent death. Although typically delivered via intramuscular or intravenous injection, naloxone may be delivered via intranasal spray device. In August 2006, the Boston Public Health Commission passed a public health regulation that authorized an opioid overdose prevention program that included intranasal naloxone education and distribution of the spray to potential bystanders. Participants were taught by trained nonmedical needle exchange staff...
May 2009: American Journal of Public Health
John Strang, Victoria Manning, Soraya Mayet, David Best, Emily Titherington, Laura Santana, Elizabeth Offor, Claudia Semmler
AIM: To examine the impact of training in overdose management and naloxone provision on the knowledge and confidence of current opiate users; and to record subsequent management of overdoses that occur during a 3-month follow-up period. DESIGN: Repeated-measures design to examine changes in knowledge and confidence immediately after overdose management training; retention of knowledge and confidence at 3 months; and prospective cohort study design to document actual interventions applied at post-training overdose situations...
October 2008: Addiction
2014-03-18 18:46:40
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