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338 papers 100 to 500 followers NICU
By Barbara Aninakwa Advance Neonatal Nurse Practitioner
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29789983/principles-of-fluid-management-and-stewardship-in-septic-shock-it-is-time-to-consider-the-four-d-s-and-the-four-phases-of-fluid-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Manu L N G Malbrain, Niels Van Regenmortel, Bernd Saugel, Brecht De Tavernier, Pieter-Jan Van Gaal, Olivier Joannes-Boyau, Jean-Louis Teboul, Todd W Rice, Monty Mythen, Xavier Monnet
In patients with septic shock, the administration of fluids during initial hemodynamic resuscitation remains a major therapeutic challenge. We are faced with many open questions regarding the type, dose and timing of intravenous fluid administration. There are only four major indications for intravenous fluid administration: aside from resuscitation, intravenous fluids have many other uses including maintenance and replacement of total body water and electrolytes, as carriers for medications and for parenteral nutrition...
May 22, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30513521/nasal-high-flow-therapy-as-primary-respiratory-support-for-preterm-infants-without-the-need-for-rescue-with-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#2
Sanja Zivanovic, Alexandra Scrivens, Raffaella Panza, Peter Reynolds, Nicola Laforgia, Kevin N Ives, Charles C Roehr
AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of nasal high-flow therapy (nHFT) as primary respiratory support for preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in two tertiary neonatal units. METHODS: A retrospective outcome analysis of initial respiratory support strategies was performed in two tertiary neonatal units in the UK: John Radcliffe Hospital (JRH), Oxford and St Peter's Hospital (SPH), Chertsey. Infants born between 28+0 and 36+6 weeks gestational age (GA) between May 2013 and June 2015 were included...
December 4, 2018: Neonatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29185949/atypical-presentation-of-infantile-hepatic-hemangioma-a-case-study
#3
Ashley Sartori, Gayle Leary Omansky, Steven Ringer
Infantile hepatic hemangioma (IHH) is the most common benign hepatic tumor of infancy. It is characterized by rapid proliferation in the first year of life, followed by slow involution during childhood. Presentation can range from asymptomatic to severe, high-output congestive heart failure (CHF). The purpose of this article is to review the case of an infant with an atypical presentation of IHH. It also addresses pathophysiology, diagnosis, management, and multidisciplinary team care.
November 1, 2017: Neonatal Network: NN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29436355/care-of-the-neonate-on-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-a-bedside-guide
#4
Jennifer M Guay, Dru Carvi, Deborah A Raines, Wendy A Luce
Respiratory distress continues to be a major cause of neonatal morbidity. Current neonatal practice recommends the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) in the immediate resuscitation and continued support of neonates of all gestations with clinical manifestations of respiratory distress. Despite the many short- and long-term benefits of nCPAP, many neonatal care units have met resistance in its routine use. Although there have been numerous recent publications investigating the use and outcomes of various modes of nCPAP delivery, surfactant administration, mechanical ventilation, and other forms of noninvasive respiratory support (high-flow nasal cannula, nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation), there has been a relative lack of publications addressing the practical bedside care of infants managed on nCPAP...
January 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29789053/management-of-meconium-stained-newborns-in-the-delivery-room
#5
Chintan Kiritkumar Gandhi
The approach to the management of meconium-stained newborns in the delivery room has been changing for over 40 years. The goal is to prevent meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and complications related to MAS. For decades, airway obstruction was believed to be a major component of MAS and, consequently, suction maneuvers to remove meconium from the airways were recommended to decrease the frequency and severity of MAS. Initial recommendations were based on observational studies. However, the incidence of MAS and mortality related to MAS has declined since the 1970s, mostly because of a decrease in the number of postterm deliveries...
May 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29789057/case-study-cystic-fibrosis-in-the-newborn
#6
Paulina A Saravia, Cheryl Riley
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is considered one of the most commonly occurring fatal genetic disorders. This disorder is associated with pancreatic insufficiency and pulmonary complications. However, at birth the initial complications are associated with bowel obstruction. Cystic fibrosis management warrants an interdisciplinary team because this disorder affects various organ systems. Effective management of the newborn with CF assists in improving the child's overall prognosis. Family support is critical throughout the prenatal and postnatal periods...
May 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29789058/prevention-and-treatment-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-preterm-neonates
#7
Christopher McPherson, Jennifer A Wambach
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) impacts a high proportion of preterm neonates, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Advances in pharmacotherapy, specifically antenatal corticosteroids and postnatal surfactant therapy, have significantly reduced the incidence and impact of neonatal RDS. Antenatal corticosteroids accelerate fetal lung maturation by increasing the activity of enzymes responsible for surfactant biosynthesis, resulting in improved lung compliance. Maternal antenatal corticosteroid treatment has improved survival of preterm neonates and lowered the incidence of brain injury...
May 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30110585/esophageal-atresia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#8
Laura Forero Zapata, Mariann Pappagallo
An infant had an apneic episode at birth and received positive-pressure ventilation in the delivery room during neonatal resuscitation. The infant had a birth weight of 2400 g (5th percentile) and was born to a 39-year-old woman who had presented for a planned cesarean section at 37 weeks 2 days of..
August 16, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29970590/subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-in-a-neonate
#9
Sheethal Sujayeendra Kodagali, Raj Narayanan Anantharaman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29950354/question-2-vitamin-d-intake-for-preterm-infants-how-much-do-they-really-need
#10
Chike Onwuneme, Eleanor J Molloy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29461885/physiologic-basis-of-mechanical-ventilation
#11
Martin J Tobin
The primary purpose of mechanical ventilation is to decrease work of breathing. Achieving this goal requires that cycling of the ventilator be carefully aligned with the intrinsic rhythm of a patient's respiratory center output. Problems arise at the point of ventilator triggering, post-trigger inflation, and inspiration-expiration switchover. Careful, iterative adjustments of ventilator settings are required to minimize work of breathing. Use of protocols for the selection of ventilator settings can lead to complications (including alveolar overdistention) and risk of death...
February 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29624206/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-or-low-birth-weight-infants
#12
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: In preterm newborns, the ductus arteriosus frequently fails to close and the infants require medical or surgical closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). A PDA can be treated surgically; or medically with one of two prostaglandin inhibitors, indomethacin or ibuprofen. Case reports suggest that paracetamol may be an alternative for the closure of a PDA. An association between prenatal or postnatal exposure to paracetamol and later development of autism or autism spectrum disorder has been reported...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29373344/nursing-assessment-of-intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-abdominal-compartment-syndrome-in-the-neonate
#13
REVIEW
Jenifer Reitsma, Bette Schumacher
BACKGROUND: Abdominal compartment syndrome in the surgical neonate is a low-frequency, high-risk occurrence that if overlooked is often accompanied with long-term sequelae and sometimes death. The importance of early detection of signs and symptoms through expert nursing assessment cannot be overstated. PURPOSE: To review the components of nursing assessment as it applies to detection of abdominal compartment syndrome in the surgical neonate and its relationship to the pathophysiology...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29373345/basic-knowledge-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-and-esophageal-atresia
#14
REVIEW
Sura Lee
BACKGROUND: Tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and esophageal atresia (EA) are rare anomalies in neonates. Up to 50% of neonates with TEF/EA will have Vertebral anomalies (V), Anal atresia (A), Cardiac anomalies (C), Tracheoesophageal fistula (T), Esophageal atresia (E), Renal anomalies (R), and Limb anomalies (L) (VACTERL) association, which has the potential to cause serious morbidity. PURPOSE: Timely management of the neonate can greatly impact the infant's overall outcome...
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29210757/challenges-in-surgical-care-of-high-risk-newborns
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29166295/nursing-care-of-infants-with-a-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt
#16
REVIEW
Rachel A Joseph, Michaela R Killian, Emily E Brady
BACKGROUND: Infants with congenital or posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus may require a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt to divert the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, thus preventing increase in intracranial pressure. Knowledge on various aspects of caring for a child with a VP shunt will enable new and experienced nurses to better care for these infants and equip parents for ongoing care at home. PURPOSE: To review the nurses' role in care of infants with hydrocephalus, care after VP shunt placement, prevention of complications, and parental preparation for home care...
December 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29300194/the-surgical-neonate
#17
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29042870/update-of-minimally-invasive-surfactant-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Gyu-Hong Shim
To date, preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) after birth have been managed with a combination of endotracheal intubation, surfactant instillation, and mechanical ventilation. It is now recognized that noninvasive ventilation (NIV) such as nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in preterm infants is a reasonable alternative to elective intubation after birth. Recently, a meta-analysis of large controlled trials comparing conventional methods and nasal CPAP suggested that CPAP decreased the risk of the combined outcome of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28923474/beyond-the-inhaled-nitric-oxide-in-persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn
#19
REVIEW
Mei-Yin Lai, Shih-Ming Chu, Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Hung-Chih Lin
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) is a consequence of failed pulmonary vascular transition at birth and leads to pulmonary hypertension with shunting of deoxygenated blood across the ductus arteriosus (DA) and foramen ovale (FO) resulting in severe hypoxemia, and it may eventually lead to life-threatening circulatory failure. PPHN is a serious event affecting both term and preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. It is often associated with diseases such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, meconium aspiration, sepsis, congenital pneumonia, birth asphyxia and respiratory distress syndrome...
February 2018: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28972464/guidelines-for-the-management-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Cardiology in the Young
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