Collections Emergency Department

Emergency Department

All things emergency medicine. All things good.
Brigid C Flynn, Haley G Miranda, Aaron M Mittel, Vivek K Moitra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 6, 2022: Anesthesiology
Patrick M Wieruszewski, Ashish K Khanna
This article is one of ten reviews selected from the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine 2022. Other selected articles can be found online at . Further information about the Annual Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine is available from .
March 22, 2022: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Egbert De Roos, Maxim Vanwulpen, Saïd Hachimi-Idrissi
BACKGROUND: Chest compression (CC) depth, CC rate and ventilatory rate (VR) are known to have an impact on end-tidal carbon dioxide (ETCO2 ) values. Chest compression release velocity (CCRV) is increasingly acknowledged as a novel metric in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The objective of this study was to analyze whether CCRV would have any effect on ETCO2 values. METHODS: In out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA), effects of CC depth, CC rate, CCRV and VR on ETCO2 were analyzed through linear mixed effect models...
April 2022: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohammad Matin Moradi, Mohammad Mobin Moradi, Arash Safaie, Alireza Baratloo, Pooya Payandemehr
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is known to be an effective factor in reducing pain without significant side effects. OBJECTIVE: One of the limited side effects of Ketamine is agitation. Due to the reduction of this symptom with Haloperidol, we decided to design a randomized clinical trial to compare the analgesic effect of Ketamine with Haloperidol and Fentanyl in reducing acute pain and its complications. METHODS: In this study, 200 adult patients who presented to the emergency department with acute pain are examined...
April 2022: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Yen-Yu Chen, Jih-Chun Lin, Ming-Jen Tsai, Kai-Yuan Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Difficult airway situations, such as trismus and neck rigidity, may prohibit standard midline orotracheal intubation. An alternative route of intubation from the retromolar space using a fiberoptic scope or rigid intubation stylet has been reported. There is no study investigating the applicability of retromolar intubation using a video intubating stylet. This study comparatively analyzed difficult airway management using a video intubating stylet in the retromolar and standard midline approaches...
April 2022: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Thomas Ott, Jascha Stracke, Susanna Sellin, Marc Kriege, Gerrit Toenges, Carsten Lott, Sebastian Kuhn, Kristin Engelhard
OBJECTIVES: During a 'cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate' situation, asphyxia can lead to cardiac arrest. In this stressful situation, two complex algorithms facilitate decision-making to save a patient's life: difficult airway management and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, the extent to which competition between the two algorithms causes conflicts in the execution of pivotal treatment remains unknown. Due to the rare incidence of this situation and the very low feasibility of such an evaluation in clinical reality, we decided to perform a randomised crossover simulation research study...
November 24, 2019: BMJ Open
S Magder
Measurement of arterial pressure is one of the most basic elements of patient management. Arterial pressure is determined by the volume ejected by the heart into the arteries, the elastance of the walls of the arteries, and the rate at which the blood flows out of the arteries. This review will discuss the three forces that determine the pressure in a vessel: elastic, kinetic, and gravitational energy. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of the distribution of arterial resistances, the elastance of the walls of the large vessels, and critical closing pressures in small arteries and arterioles...
October 11, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Vikram Fielding-Singh, Michael A Matthay, Carolyn S Calfee
OBJECTIVES: Despite decades of research, the acute respiratory distress syndrome remains associated with significant morbidity and mortality. This Concise Definitive Review provides a practical and evidence-based summary of treatments in addition to low tidal volume ventilation and their role in the management of severe respiratory failure in acute respiratory distress syndrome. DATA SOURCES: We searched the PubMed database for clinical trials, observational studies, and review articles describing treatment adjuncts in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients, including high positive end-expiratory pressure strategies, recruitment maneuvers, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, neuromuscular blockade, prone positioning, inhaled pulmonary vasodilators, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, glucocorticoids, and renal replacement therapy...
November 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Robyn McDannold, Bentley J Bobrow, Vatsal Chikani, Annemarie Silver, Daniel W Spaite, Tyler Vadeboncoeur
BACKGROUND: Clinical investigations have shown improved outcomes with primary compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation strategies. It is unclear whether this is a result of passive ventilation via chest compressions, a low requirement for any ventilation during the early aspect of resuscitation or avoidance of inadvertent over-ventilation. OBJECTIVES: To quantify whether chest compressions with guideline-compliant depth (>2 in) produce measurable and substantial ventilation volumes during emergency department resuscitation of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
September 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Stefano Falcetta, Simona Cavallo, Vincenzo Gabbanelli, Paolo Pelaia, Massimiliano Sorbello, Ivana Zdravkovic, Abele Donati
BACKGROUND: Unpredictable difficult laryngoscopy remains a challenge for anaesthesiologists, especially if difficult ventilation occurs during standard laryngoscopy. Accurate airway assessment should always be performed, but the common clinical screening tests have shown low sensitivity and specificity with a limited predictive value. Ultrasound-based airway assessment has been proposed recently as a useful, simple, noninvasive bedside tool as an adjunct to clinical methods, but to date, few studies are available about the potential role of ultrasound in difficult airway evaluation, and these are mostly limited to specific groups of patients...
August 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Yuel-Kai Jean, Paul Potnuru, Christian Diez
We present an approach to airway management in a patient with machete injuries culminating in near-complete cricotracheal transection, in addition to a gunshot wound to the neck. Initial airway was established by direct intubation through the cricotracheal wound. Once the airway was secured, a bronchoscopy-guided orotracheal intubation was performed with simultaneous retraction of the cricotracheal airway to optimize the surgical field. This case offers insight into a rarely performed approach to airway management...
December 1, 2018: A&A Practice
Hiroshi Hoshijima, Takahiro Mihara, Koichi Maruyama, Yohei Denawa, Kentaro Mizuta, Toshiya Shiga, Hiroshi Nagasaka
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The C-MAC laryngoscope (C-MAC) is a videolaryngoscope that uses a modified Macintosh blade. Although several anecdotal reports exist, it remains unclear whether the C-MAC is superior to the Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation in the adult population. DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis. SETTING: Operating room, intensive care unit. MEASUREMENTS: For inclusion in our analysis, studies had to be prospective randomised trials which compared the C-MAC with the Macintosh laryngoscope for tracheal intubation in the adult population...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Pasquale Esposito, Luca Estienne, Nicoletta Serpieri, Dario Ronchi, Giacomo P Comi, Maurizio Moggio, Lorenzo Peverelli, Stefania Bianzina, Teresa Rampino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases
O Langeron, J-L Bourgain, D Francon, J Amour, C Baillard, G Bouroche, M Chollet Rivier, F Lenfant, B Plaud, P Schoettker, D Fletcher, L Velly, K Nouette-Gaulain
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to French guidelines about "Difficult intubation and extubation in adult anaesthesia 2006". DESIGN: A consensus committee of 13 experts was convened. A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. The entire guidelines process was conducted independent of any industry funding. The authors were advised to follow the principles of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system to guide assessment of quality of evidence...
December 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
George Kovacs, Nicholas Sowers
Airway management in the trauma patient presents numerous unique challenges beyond placement of an endotracheal tube and outcomes are dependent on the provider's ability to anticipate difficulty. Airway management strategies for the care of the polytrauma patient are reviewed, with specific considerations for those presenting with traumatic brain injury, suspected c-spine injury, the contaminated airway, the agitated trauma patient, maxillofacial trauma, and the traumatized airway. An approach to airway management that considers the potential anatomic and physiologic challenges in caring for these complicated trauma patients is presented...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
Tracey Varker, Grant J Devilly
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This analogue study served as a proof of concept trial for inoculation/resilience training with emergency services personnel. METHODS: Eighty people from the general community participated in a randomized controlled trial of inoculation training to increase resilience in the mitigation of stress and trauma-type symptomatology following a stressful video of paramedics attending the scene of a car accident. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions: (a) resilience training, where the participants received strategies aimed at reducing the negative effects of the event; or (b) a control 'pragmatic training' condition, where participants received practical training about what to do in the event of a car accident...
August 2012: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Fumihiro Ohchi, Nobuyasu Komasawa, Ryosuke Mihara, Kazuo Hattori, Toshiaki Minami
PURPOSE: Videolaryngoscopes may not be useful in the presence of vomitus due to blurred images on the monitor. The objective of our study is to compare the utility of gum-elastic bougie (GEB) application for tracheal intubation with the Macintosh laryngoscope (McL), which is a direct laryngoscope, with that of the Pentax-AWS Airwayscope® (AWS) and McGRATH® MAC (McGRATH) in simulated vomitus settings. METHODS: Sixteen novice doctors performed tracheal intubation on an adult manikin using McL, AWS, and McGRATH with or without GEB under normal and vomitus simulations...
April 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hai Wang, Jiang-Li Sun, Zheng-Hai Bai, Xiao-Bo Wang, Zheng-Liang Zhang, Hong-Hong Pei
Preoxygenation can rapidly improve oxygenation and enhance the security of endotracheal intubation, so it is very essential before endotracheal intubation. The conventional preoxygenation method self-inflating bag (SIB) is not very effective in case of emergency. So our study aims to find a more effective method of preoxygenation in a critical situation.We retrospectively analyzed data of 105 patients in this study. A total of 49 patients with preoxygenation with invasive ventilator in volume control mode (VCM) and 56 patients with preoxygenation with SIB were included...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Jong Won Kim, Kyeong Ryong Lee, Dae Young Hong, Kwang Je Baek, Young Hwan Lee, Sang O Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of direct laryngoscopy (DL), Pentax Airway Scope (PAWS) and GlideScope video laryngoscope (GVL) systems for endotracheal intubation (ETI) in various cervical immobilisation scenarios: manual in-line stabilisation (MILS), Philadelphia neck collar (PNC) (moderate limit of mouth opening) and Stifneck collar (SNC) (severe limit of mouth opening). DESIGN: Randomised cross-over simulation study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 35 physicians who had >30 successful ETI experiences at a tertiary hospital in Seoul, Korea...
October 24, 2016: BMJ Open
Suprat Saely Wilson, Gregory M Kwiatkowski, Scott R Millis, John D Purakal, Arushi P Mahajan, Phillip D Levy
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare health care resource utilization among patients who were given intravenous nitroglycerin for acute heart failure (AHF) in the emergency department (ED) by intermittent bolus, continuous infusion, or a combination of both. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 395 patients that received nitroglycerin therapy in the ED for the treatment of AHF over a 5-year period. Patients that received intermittent bolus (n=124) were compared with continuous infusion therapy (n=182) and combination therapy of bolus and infusion (n=89)...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
2016-11-13 04:03:59
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.