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Periodontal implications

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C Ram Goyal, Deborah M Lyle, Jimmy G Qaqish, Reinhard Schuller
OBJECTIVE: To compare the plaque removal efficacy of a water flosser to string floss combined with a manual toothbrush after a single use. METHODS: Seventy adult subjects participated in this randomized, single-use, single-blind, parallel clinical study. Subjects were assigned to one of two groups; Waterpik Water Flosser plus a manual toothbrush (WF) or waxed string floss plus a manual toothbrush (SF). Each participant brushed for two minutes using the Bass technique...
2013: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
C Ram Goyal, Deborah M Lyle, Jimmy G Qaqish, Reinhard Schuller
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of a water flosser plus sonic toothbrush to a sonic toothbrush alone on the reduction of bleeding, gingivitis, and plaque. The secondary objective was to compare the effectiveness of different sonic toothbrushes on bleeding, gingivitis, and plaque. METHODS: One-hundred and thirty-nine subjects completed this randomized, four-week, single-masked, parallel clinical study. Subjects were assigned to one of four groups: Waterpik Complete Care, which is a combination of a water flosser plus power toothbrush (WFS); Sensonic Professional Plus Toothbrush (SPP); Sonicare FlexCare toothbrush (SF); or an Oral-B Indicator manual toothbrush (MT)...
2012: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
Naresh C Sharma, Deborah M Lyle, Jimmy G Qaqish, Reinhard Schuller
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the reduction of gingivitis by two power interdental devices combined with a manual toothbrush. METHODS: Eighty-two subjects completed this randomized, four-week, single-blind, two-group parallel clinical study. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Waterpik Water Flosser (WF) plus manual tooth brushing or Sonicare Air Floss (AF) plus manual tooth brushing. Subjects were provided written and verbal instructions for all products at the baseline visit and instructions were reviewed at the two-week (W2) visit...
2012: Journal of Clinical Dentistry
T Nakada, T Kato, Y Numabe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Factors such as vascularization of the periodontium, inflammatory reactions and immune response affect the oral environment and ecology, decreasing host resistance and promoting the development of symptoms and the advancement of periodontal disease. Fatigue also influences the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and reports relate it to systemic resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether fatigue is a modifying factor for periodontal disease in rats...
February 2015: Journal of Periodontal Research
S Reichert, A Schlitt, V Beschow, A Lutze, S Lischewski, T Seifert, T Dudakliewa, R Gawe, K Werdan, B Hofmann, H-G Schaller, S Schulz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Periodontitis has been found to be associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. However, only little is known about whether periodontitis and associated confounders are associated with new cardiovascular events among patients with CHD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 942 inpatients with CHD were examined regarding periodontitis, oral care habits, bacteria in the subgingival biofilm and the expression of interleukin-(IL)-6 c...
April 2015: Journal of Periodontal Research
S Gonzalez, C L Cohen, M Galván, F A Alonaizan, S K Rich, J Slots
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the potential of gingival bleeding on probing to serve as a predictor of future periodontal breakdown. It also assessed the ability of 0.25% sodium hypochlorite twice-a-week oral rinse to convert periodontal pockets showing bleeding on probing to nonbleeding sites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was performed as a randomized, single-blinded, clinical trial in parallel groups. Seven periodontitis patients rinsed twice-weekly for 3 mo with 15 mL of a fresh solution of 0...
June 2015: Journal of Periodontal Research
J A J Keestra, I Grosjean, W Coucke, M Quirynen, W Teughels
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the effectiveness of different systemic antibiotics in combination with scaling and root planing (SRP) when compared to SRP alone in patients with untreated chronic periodontitis. BACKGROUND: Although chronic periodontitis is mostly treated without adjunctive systemic antibiotics, some recent meta-analyses have shown clinical benefit for some systemic antibiotics when used as an adjunct to SRP. However, there is a wide variety of systemic antibiotic regimens used today...
June 2015: Journal of Periodontal Research
S Mizutani, D Ekuni, T Tomofuji, M Yamane, T Azuma, Y Iwasaki, M Morita
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Various studies have reported the relationship between alcohol consumption and gingival condition. However, they focus on the direct effects of alcohol consumption or alcohol sensitivity on gingival condition, and it is unclear how oral health behaviors relate these relationships. The aims of this study were to assess the inter-relationships between gingival condition, tooth-brushing behavior after drinking alcohol and alcohol sensitivity in university students who drink more than once per week on average...
August 2015: Journal of Periodontal Research
Yousef A AlJehani
Objectives. This paper aims to review the evidence on the potential roles of modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors associated with periodontal disease. Data. Original articles that reported on the risk factors for periodontal disease were included. Sources. MEDLINE (1980 to Jan 2014), PubMed (using medical subject headings), and Google Scholar were searched using the following terms in different combinations: "periodontal disease," "periodontitis," "risk factors," and "causal...
2014: International Journal of Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: Dentistry Today
Y W Han, W Houcken, B G Loos, H A Schenkein, M Tezal
Interrelationships between periodontal infection and systemic conditions such as cardiovascular disease, adverse pregnancy outcomes, and head-and-neck cancer have become increasingly appreciated in recent years. Periodontitis is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and, experimentally, with measures of atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction. Periodontal therapy may reduce atherosclerotic changes and improve endothelial function. Preliminary findings suggest a role for the genetic locus ANRIL in the pathobiology of both CVD and periodontitis...
May 2014: Advances in Dental Research
Lori J Giblin, Linda D Boyd, Lori Rainchuso, Dianne Chadbourne
PURPOSE: Diabetes and periodontal disease are conditions considered to be biologically linked. Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have blood glucose levels, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Few human studies address the relationship between periodontitis and prediabetes or clarify an association between periodontitis and prediabetes...
2014: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
T Amou, D Hinode, M Yoshioka, D Grenier
AIM: The objective of our study was to investigate the relationship between halitosis and oral bacteria in tongue coating (TC) and saliva samples from patients with halitosis, and to evaluate the effect of tongue cleaning on halitosis. METHODS: Ninety-four participants complaining of oral malodour were included in the study. Organoleptic (OR) values, volatile sulphur compound (VSC) concentrations determined by gas chromatography and TC scores were used as clinical parameters of halitosis...
May 2014: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
M Khosravisamani, G Maliji, S Seyfi, A Azadmehr, B Abd Nikfarjam, S Madadi, S Jafari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The effects of different levels of steroid hormones, as experienced during puberty, pregnancy and menopause, on the periodontium have been demonstrated, but changes in sex hormone levels during the menstrual cycle, and the influence of these changes on the periodontium, remain unresolved. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the menstrual cycle on the levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in gingival crevicular fluid and on periodontal clinical parameters, including the gingival bleeding index (GBI) and the modified gingival index (MGI), in periodontally healthy women...
December 2014: Journal of Periodontal Research
Sagar Arjun Mapare, P Krishna Rao, R Vamshidhar Reddy, Mg Manoj Kumar, Vss Chandana Gorthi, Pv Krishnam Raju
AIM: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect various dietary nutrients in aggressive periodontitis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 85 patients were selected and divided into two groups, 45 patients are with aggressive periodontitis and 40 patients are healthy. Periodontal parameters such as oral hygiene index, Russels periodontal index and radiograph were taken. The food consumption survey was conducted in all the households of subjects both in control and experimental group...
September 1, 2013: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Abhijit N Gurav
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition, which constitutes a group of risk factors that occur together and increase the risk for Coronary Artery Disease, Stroke and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This disorder is found prevalent in the industrialized societies of the world in epidemic proportions. Periodontitis is an oral disease of microbial origin characterized by loss of attachment apparatus of tooth, resulting in edentulism if untreated. Periodontitis has been attributed to produce a low grade systemic inflammatory condition...
January 2014: Dental Research Journal
Archana Devanoorkar, Rahul Kathariya, Nagappa Guttiganur, D Gopalakrishnan, Paulami Bagchi
Biomarkers are highly specific and sensitive indicators of disease activity. Resistin is a recently discovered adipocytokine, having a potent biomarker quality. Initially resistin was thought to be produced by adipocytes alone; however, emerging evidence suggests that it is also produced in abundance by various cells of the immunoinflammatory system, indicating its role in various chronic inflammatory diseases. Data suggests that resistin plays a role in obesity, insulin resistance, cardiovascular diseases, and periodontitis...
2014: Disease Markers
W M Machado, A P Prestes, T P Costa, R T Mendes, L R Olchanheski, R Sordi, M F Otuki, G M Fávero, J C R Vellosa, F A Santos, D Fernandes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It has been demonstrated that periodontitis induces systemic inflammation, which may impair endothelial function leading to increased cardiovascular risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of simvastatin on systemic inflammatory markers and endothelial dysfunction induced by periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Wistar rats were subjected to ligature-induced experimental periodontitis. Eight days after the procedure, the ligature and sham groups were randomly assigned to receive simvastatin or vehicle once a day until the 14th day, when the effects of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside on blood pressure were evaluated...
October 2014: Journal of Periodontal Research
Justin Durham, Hannah M Fraser, Giles I McCracken, Kerry M Stone, Mike T John, Philip M Preshaw
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of chronic periodontitis on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) using the full version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49) and the Oral Health Quality of Life-UK (OHQoL-UK) questionnaires. METHODS: 89 patients with chronic periodontitis and 89 age- and gender-matched patients without chronic periodontitis were recruited. OHIP-49 and OHQoL-UK were self-completed by participants and mean scores were calculated for each item, domain and the overall summary score (additive method) for each instrument in each group...
April 2013: Journal of Dentistry
Aino Salminen, Ulvi K Gursoy, Susanna Paju, Kati Hyvärinen, Päivi Mäntylä, Kåre Buhlin, Eija Könönen, Markku S Nieminen, Timo Sorsa, Juha Sinisalo, Pirkko J Pussinen
AIM: Chronic periodontitis has an episodic and multifactorial character, with fluctuations in bacterial burden, inflammatory response, and tissue destruction. We investigated the association of selected salivary biomarkers with periodontal parameters and validated the use of a novel salivary diagnostic approach, the cumulative risk score (CRS), in detection of periodontitis in subjects with angiographically verified coronary artery disease diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The concentrations of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, interleukin (IL)-1β, and Porphyromonas gingivalis were analysed from saliva of 493 subjects...
May 2014: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
2014-02-28 01:29:25
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