Collections Noninvasive Ventilation Guidel...

Noninvasive Ventilation Guidelines Group: Clinical practice guidelines for the use of noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation and noninvasive continuous positive airway pressure in the acute care setting
Juan F Masa, Jaime Corral, Candela Caballero, Emilia Barrot, Joaquin Terán-Santos, Maria L Alonso-Álvarez, Teresa Gomez-Garcia, Mónica González, Soledad López-Martín, Pilar De Lucas, José M Marin, Sergi Marti, Trinidad Díaz-Cambriles, Eusebi Chiner, Carlos Egea, Erika Miranda, Babak Mokhlesi, Estefanía García-Ledesma, M-Ángeles Sánchez-Quiroga, Estrella Ordax, Nicolás González-Mangado, Maria F Troncoso, Maria-Ángeles Martinez-Martinez, Olga Cantalejo, Elena Ojeda, Santiago J Carrizo, Begoña Gallego, Mercedes Pallero, M Antonia Ramón, Josefa Díaz-de-Atauri, Jesús Muñoz-Méndez, Cristina Senent, Jose N Sancho-Chust, Francisco J Ribas-Solís, Auxiliadora Romero, José M Benítez, Jesús Sanchez-Gómez, Rafael Golpe, Ana Santiago-Recuerda, Silvia Gomez, Mónica Bengoa
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is an effective form of treatment in patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) who have concomitant severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). However, there is a paucity of evidence on the efficacy of NIV in patients with OHS without severe OSA. We performed a multicentre randomised clinical trial to determine the comparative efficacy of NIV versus lifestyle modification (control group) using daytime arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) as the main outcome measure...
October 2016: Thorax
Miquel Ferrer, Antoni Torres
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), with a critical review of the most recent literature in this setting. RECENT FINDINGS: The efficacy of NIV is variable depending on the cause of the episode of ARF. In community-acquired pneumonia, NIV is often associated with poor response, with better response in patients with preexisting cardiac or respiratory disease. In patients with pandemic influenza H1N1 and severe ARF, NIV has been associated with high failure rates but relatively favorable mortality...
February 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Karen E A Burns, Maureen O Meade, Azra Premji, Neill K J Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive ventilation has been studied as a means of reducing complications among patients being weaned from invasive mechanical ventilation. We sought to summarize evidence comparing noninvasive and invasive weaning and their effects on mortality. METHODS: We identified relevant randomized and quasirandomized trials through searches of databases, conference proceedings and grey literature. We included trials comparing extubation and immediate application of noninvasive ventilation with continued invasive weaning in adults on mechanical ventilation...
February 18, 2014: Canadian Medical Association Journal: CMAJ
Ezgi Ozyilmaz, Aylin Ozsancak Ugurlu, Stefano Nava
BACKGROUND: Identifying the predictors of noninvasive ventilation (NIV) failure has attracted significant interest because of the strong link between failure and poor outcomes. However, very little attention has been paid to the timing of the failure. This narrative review focuses on the causes of NIV failure and risk factors and potential remedies for NIV failure, based on the timing factor. RESULTS: The possible causes of immediate failure (within minutes to <1 h) are a weak cough reflex, excessive secretions, hypercapnic encephalopathy, intolerance, agitation, and patient-ventilator asynchrony...
February 13, 2014: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Michael Pallin, Matthew T Naughton
Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has well-recognized benefits in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary edema. Its utilization in acute asthma, however, remains controversial. In this review, we describe the physiological basis to justify NIV use in acute asthma and contribute a critical appraisal of the available literature relating to this practice. A discussion of some of the more pertinent, clinically relevant practicalities is also provided. Original research articles were identified using the electronic PubMed database...
August 2014: Journal of Critical Care
Sean P Keenan, Tasnim Sinuff, Karen E A Burns, John Muscedere, Jim Kutsogiannis, Sangeeta Mehta, Deborah J Cook, Najib Ayas, Neill K J Adhikari, Lori Hand, Damon C Scales, Rose Pagnotta, Lynda Lazosky, Graeme Rocker, Sandra Dial, Kevin Laupland, Kevin Sanders, Peter Dodek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2011: Canadian Medical Association Journal: CMAJ
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