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Richard Y Calvo, C Beth Sise, Michael J Sise, Vishal Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Pre-existing medical conditions (PEC) represent a unique domain of risk among older trauma patients. The study objective was to develop a metric to quantify PEC burden for trauma patients. METHODS: A cohort of 4526 non-severe blunt-injured trauma patients aged 55 years and older admitted to a Level I trauma center between January 2006 and December 2012 were divided into development (80%) and test (20%) sets. Cox regression was used to develop the model based on in-hospital and 90-day mortality...
December 27, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ambar Mehta, Linda A Dultz, Bellal Joseph, Joseph K Canner, Kent Stevens, Christian Jones, Elliott R Haut, David T Efron, Joseph V Sakran
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients undergoing emergency general surgery (EGS) face significant morbidity and mortality. We assessed how surgeon and hospital volumes affected these outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients at least 65 years old in Maryland's Health Services Cost Review Commission database from 2012 to 2014 who underwent one of 12 EGS procedures, as defined by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma, and then calculated four outcomes: mortality rate, the incidence of at least one of eight common in-hospital EGS complications, failure-to-rescue (death after experiencing a postoperative complication), and the 30-day readmission rate...
June 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Jonathan Graeme Bunn, Susan Jane Croft, Colin O'Keeffe, Richard M Jacques, Rebecca M Simpson, Tony Stone, Simon Paul Conroy, Suzanne M Mason
BACKGROUND: We explored the urgent care axis across EDs in Yorkshire and Humber (Y&H) for patients aged ≥75 years to identify where interventions could be targeted to prevent ED attendances and inpatient admissions. METHODS: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data for attendances across 18 EDs in Y&H from April 2011 to March 2014 were retrospectively analysed. HES A&E and Admitted Patient Care patient records data were linked to describe the entire patient pathway...
January 2019: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Peter Paal, Simon Rauch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Mats Warmerdam, Lucia Baris, Margo van Liebergen, Annemieke Ansems, Laura Esteve Cuevas, Merel Willeboer, Douwe Rijpsma, Amith L Shetty, Bas de Groot
OBJECTIVE: In existing risk stratification and resuscitation guidelines for sepsis, a hypotension threshold of systolic blood pressure (SBP) below 90-100 mmHg is typically used. However, for older patients, the clinical relevance of a SBP in a seemingly 'normal' range (>100 mmHg) is still poorly understood, as they may need higher SBP for adequate tissue perfusion due to arterial stiffening. We therefore investigated the association between SBP and mortality in older emergency department (ED) patients hospitalised with a suspected infection...
October 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Yohei Okada, Tasuku Matsuyama, Sachiko Morita, Naoki Ehara, Nobuhiro Miyamae, Takaaki Jo, Yasuyuki Sumida, Nobunaga Okada, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Ryoji Iiduka
INTRODUCTION: In cases of severe accidental hypothermia (AH) in urban areas, the prognostic factors are unknown. We identified factors associated with in-hospital mortality in patients with moderate-to-severe AH in urban areas of Japan. METHOD: The J-Point registry database is a multi-institutional retrospective cohort study for AH in 12 Japanese emergency departments. From this registry, we enrolled patients whose core body temperature was 32 °C or less on admission...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jui-Yuan Chung, Chien-Chin Hsu, Jiann-Hwa Chen, Wei-Lung Chen, Hung-Jung Lin, How-Ran Guo, Chien-Cheng Huang
BACKGROUND: The shock index is a rapid and simple tool used to predict mortality in patients with acute illnesses including sepsis, multiple trauma, and postpartum hemorrhage. However, its ability to predict mortality in geriatric patients with influenza in the emergency department (ED) remains unclear. This study was conducted to clarify this issue. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective case-control study, recruiting geriatric patients (≥ 65 years) with influenza visiting the ED of a medical center between January 01, 2010 and December 31, 2015...
May 29, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Steffie H A Brouns, Joyce J Wachelder, Femke S Jonkers, Suze L Lambooij, Jeanne P Dieleman, Harm R Haak
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating different medical conditions and settings have demonstrated mixed results regarding the weekend effect. However, data on the outcome of elderly patients hospitalised on weekends is scarce. The objective was to compare in-hospital and two-day mortality rates between elderly emergency department (ED) patients (≥65 years) admitted on weekends versus weekdays. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of emergency department visits of internal medicine patients ≥65 years presenting to the emergency department between 01 and 09-2010 and 31-08-2012 was conducted...
March 7, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
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