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17 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Joe Weatherly FM/Hospitalist-CoFounder of QuestioningMedicine and PCRAP contributor.
Runar Bragi Kvaran, Oddny Sigurborg Gunnarsdottir, Adalbjorg Kristbjornsdottir, Unnur A Valdimarsdottir, Vilhjalmur Rafnsson
BACKGROUND: The aim was to study whether number of visits to emergency department (ED) is associated with suicide, taking into consideration known risk factors. METHODS: This is a population-based case-control study nested in a cohort. Computerized database on attendees to ED (during 2002-2008) was record linked to nation-wide death registry to identify 152 cases, and randomly selected 1520 controls. The study was confined to patients attending the ED, who were subsequently discharged, and not admitted to hospital ward...
December 2015: BMC Public Health
Sung-Pa Park, Jong-Geun Seo, Won-Kee Lee
BACKGROUND: Sensory hypersensitivities are common phenomena in migraine. We examined the role of sensory hypersensitivities on suicidality in patients with migraine. METHODS: Patients with migraine (with or without aura) were consecutively recruited from our headache clinic. We asked them if they experienced photophobia, phonophobia, osmophobia, and allodynia during migraine attack. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to diagnose current major depressive disorder (MDD), current generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and suicidality...
2015: Journal of Headache and Pain
Bregje Aj van Spijker, Alison L Calear, Philip J Batterham, Andrew J Mackinnon, John A Gosling, Ad Jfm Kerkhof, Daniela Solomon, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: Suicidal thoughts are common in the general population, causing significant disability. However, a substantial number of people struggling with suicidality do not access appropriate services. Online self-help may help overcome barriers to help-seeking. This study aims to examine the effectiveness of an online self-help program targeted at reducing suicidal thoughts compared with an attention-matched control condition in the Australian adult population. This trial is based on a Dutch self-help program, which was found to be effective in reducing suicidal thoughts...
December 2015: Trials
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Describing the characteristics and patterns of suicidal behavior is an essential component in developing successful prevention efforts. The Data and Surveillance Task Force (DSTF) of the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention was charged with making recommendations for improving national data systems for public health surveillance of suicide-related problems, including suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts, and deaths due to suicide. PURPOSE: Data from the national systems can be used to draw attention to the magnitude of the problem and are useful for establishing national health priorities...
September 2014: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Lindsey B Stone, Richard T Liu, Shirley Yen
Adolescents with a history of suicidal behavior are especially vulnerable for future suicide attempts, particularly following discharge from an inpatient psychiatric admission. This study is the first to test whether adolescents׳ tendency to generate stress, or report more dependent events to which they contributed, was predictive of prospective suicide events. Ninety adolescent psychiatric inpatients who were admitted for recent suicide risk, completed diagnostic interviews, assessments of history of suicidal behavior, and a self-report questionnaire of major life events at baseline...
September 30, 2014: Psychiatry Research
Anke Bonnewyn, Ajit Shah, Ronny Bruffaerts, Katrien Schoevaerts, Peter Rober, Hanna Van Parys, Koen Demyttenaere
The study explores the reflections of older adults on the process preceding their suicide attempt. Data were gathered using in-depth interviews with eight older inpatients who had attempted suicide. Grounded theory methodology was used for data analysis. They described their life and the self as disrupted after experiencing a loss, loneliness, loss of control, and unwillingness to continue living the current life. The findings suggest that the concurrence of these constructs precedes a suicide attempt in later life...
July 2014: Death Studies
Mette L Rasmussen, Hanne Haavind, Gudrun Dieserud, Kari Dyregrov
This study explores the developmental history of ten young men who completed suicide in the transition to adulthood. The young men, aged 18-30, had no previous history of suicide attempts or treatment in mental health. In-depth interviews with four to eight informants for each suicide were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Three developmental issues from early age onwards emerged: (a) unsuccessful in becoming independent; (b) weakened competence to deal with shame; and (c) trapped in anger...
July 2014: Death Studies
Helen Christensen, Philip James Batterham, Andrew J Mackinnon, Tara Donker, Andrea Soubelet
The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) has been supported by recent research. However, the nature of the models׳ three major constructs--perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness and acquired capability - requires further investigation. In this paper, we test a number of hypotheses about the predictors and correlates of the IPTS constructs. Participants aged 32-38 from an Australian population-based longitudinal cohort study (n=1167) were assessed. IPTS constructs were measured by items from the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) and Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale (ACSS), alongside demographic and additional measures, measured concurrently or approximately 8 years earlier...
October 30, 2014: Psychiatry Research
Michael F Grunebaum, Steven P Ellis, Naihua Duan, Ainsley K Burke, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann
Randomized controlled trials in depressed patients selected for elevated suicidal risk are rare. The resultant lack of data leaves uncertainty about treatment in this population. This study compared a serotonin reuptake inhibitor with a noradrenergic/dopaminergic antidepressant in major depression with elevated suicidal risk factors. We conducted a double-blind, randomized, clinical pilot trial of paroxetine (N=36) or bupropion (N=38) in DSM IV major depression with a suicide attempt history or current suicidal ideation...
February 2012: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Matthew Miller, Catherine Barber, Richard A White, Deborah Azrael
On an average day in the United States, more than 100 Americans die by suicide; half of these suicides involve the use of firearms. In this ecological study, we used linear regression techniques and recently available state-level measures of suicide attempt rates to assess whether, and if so, to what extent, the well-established relationship between household firearm ownership rates and suicide mortality persists after accounting for rates of underlying suicidal behavior. After controlling for state-level suicide attempt rates (2008-2009), higher rates of firearm ownership (assessed in 2004) were strongly associated with higher rates of overall suicide and firearm suicide, but not with nonfirearm suicide (2008-2009)...
September 15, 2013: American Journal of Epidemiology
Paul H Soloff, Laurel Chiappetta
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent suicidal behavior is a defining characteristic of borderline personality disorder. Although most patients achieve remission of suicidal behavior over time, as many as 10% die by suicide, raising the question of whether there is a high-risk suicidal subtype. The authors conducted a longitudinal study of suicidal behavior in borderline personality disorder patients to identify prospective predictors of suicide attempts and to characterize those patients at highest risk for suicide completion...
May 2012: American Journal of Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2012: North Carolina Medical Journal
Sylvie Lapierre, Annette Erlangsen, Margda Waern, Diego De Leo, Hirofumi Oyama, Paolo Scocco, Joseph Gallo, Katalin Szanto, Yeates Conwell, Brian Draper, Paul Quinnett
BACKGROUND: Suicide rates are highest among the elderly, yet research on suicide prevention in old age remains a much-neglected area. AIMS: We carried out a systematic review to examine the results of interventions aimed at suicidal elderly persons and to identify successful strategies and areas needing further exploration. METHODS: Searches through various electronic databases yielded 19 studies with an empirical evaluation of a suicide prevention or intervention program designed especially for adults aged 60 years and older...
2011: Crisis
Herbert Y Meltzer, Larry Alphs, Alan I Green, A Carlo Altamura, Ravi Anand, Alberto Bertoldi, Marc Bourgeois, Guy Chouinard, M Zahur Islam, John Kane, Ranga Krishnan, J P Lindenmayer, Steven Potkin
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder attempt suicide, and approximately 10% die of suicide. Study results suggest that clozapine therapy significantly reduces suicidal behavior in these patients. METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, international, 2-year study comparing the risk for suicidal behavior in patients treated with clozapine vs olanzapine was conducted in 980 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder, 26...
January 2003: Archives of General Psychiatry
Jorge Lopez-Castroman, Maria de las Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Isabelle Jaussent, Analucia A Alegria, Antonio Artes-Rodriguez, Peter Freed, Sébastien Guillaume, Fabrice Jollant, Jose Miguel Leiva-Murillo, Alain Malafosse, Maria A Oquendo, Mario de Prado-Cumplido, Jeronimo Saiz-Ruiz, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Philippe Courtet
BACKGROUND: In spite of the high prevalence of suicide behaviours and the magnitude of the resultant burden, little is known about why individuals reattempt. We aim to investigate the relationships between clinical risk factors and the repetition of suicidal attempts. METHODS: 1349 suicide attempters were consecutively recruited in the Emergency Room (ER) of two academic hospitals in France and Spain. Patients were extensively assessed and demographic and clinical data obtained...
May 2011: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Cara Katz, Shay-Lee Bolton, Laurence Y Katz, Corinne Isaak, Toni Tilston-Jones, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among youth today. Schools are a cost-effective way to reach youth, yet there is no conclusive evidence regarding the most effective prevention strategy. We conducted a systematic review of the empirical literature on school-based suicide prevention programs. METHOD: Studies were identified through MEDLINE and Scopus searches, using keywords such as "suicide, education, prevention and program evaluation...
October 2013: Depression and Anxiety
H Le-Niculescu, D F Levey, M Ayalew, L Palmer, L M Gavrin, N Jain, E Winiger, S Bhosrekar, G Shankar, M Radel, E Bellanger, H Duckworth, K Olesek, J Vergo, R Schweitzer, M Yard, A Ballew, A Shekhar, G E Sandusky, N J Schork, S M Kurian, D R Salomon, A B Niculescu
Suicides are a leading cause of death in psychiatric patients, and in society at large. Developing more quantitative and objective ways (biomarkers) for predicting and tracking suicidal states would have immediate practical applications and positive societal implications. We undertook such an endeavor. First, building on our previous blood biomarker work in mood disorders and psychosis, we decided to identify blood gene expression biomarkers for suicidality, looking at differential expression of genes in the blood of subjects with a major mood disorder (bipolar disorder), a high-risk population prone to suicidality...
December 2013: Molecular Psychiatry
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