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Vidak Raičević, Marko Mladenović, Milica Aćimović, Niko Radulović
BACKGROUND: Elder (Sambucus nigra L.) has relevance for the food, fragrance and pharmaceutical industries. Flowers of this species emit a very pleasant scent; for processing purposes, inflorescences are either collected from the wild or harvested from a cultivated crop. The study of elderflower-derived volatiles bears both phytochemical and commercial importance. RESULTS: Three samples of dry elderflower essential oil obtained from laboratory-scale hydrodistillations were analyzed...
September 27, 2023: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Małgorzata Tabaszewska, Elżbieta Sikora
Elderflower extracts are known to be a source of valuable substances that show a wide spectrum of biological activity, including antibacterial and antiviral properties, which demonstrate a degree of effectiveness against SARS CoV-2. In this work, the influence of fresh inflorescence stabilisation methods (freezing, air drying, and lyophilisation) and extraction parameters on the composition and antioxidant properties of the extracts were studied. Wild elderflower plants growing in the Małopolska Region of Poland were studied...
March 4, 2023: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Patrycja Topka, Szymon Poliński, Tomasz Sawicki, Aleksandra Szydłowska-Czerniak, Małgorzata Tańska
Elder products are still underutilized sources of phytochemicals, mainly polyphenols, with extensive pharmacological effects on the human body. In this study, gingerbread cookies covered in chocolate (GC) were enriched with elderflower dry extract (EF) and juice concentrate (EB). The cookies (GC, GCEF, and GCEFEB) and the additives (EF and EB) were analyzed for total phenolic content (TPC), phenolic compound profile, antioxidant capacity (AC), and advanced glycation end products' (AGEs) formation in both the free and bound phenolic fractions...
January 12, 2023: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Aurelijus Laurutis, Julius Liobikas, Monika Stanciauskaite, Mindaugas Marksa, Kristina Ramanauskiene, Daiva Majiene
Elderflower preparations have long been used to treat colds and flu, but their use is undeservedly reduced, and only dried flower teas, less often ethanolic extracts, can be purchased in pharmacies. In the case of homemade teas, the medicinal plant material is extracted with hot water for a relatively short time, thus only a small part of the active substances is extracted. The industrially produced ethanolic extract is rich in active substances, but its use is limited since ethanol in many countries is undesirable and unsuitable for children and geriatric patients...
December 16, 2022: Pharmaceutics
Ru-Huei Fu, Chia-Wen Tsai, Shih-Ping Liu, Shao-Chih Chiu, Yen-Chuan Chen, Yu-Ting Chiang, Yun-Hua Kuo, Woei-Cherng Shyu, Shinn-Zong Lin
We assessed the antioxidant potential of narcissoside from Sambucus nigra flowers (elderflowers) in Parkinson's disease models in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that narcissoside lessened the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and apoptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. In the 6-OHDA-exposed Caenorhabditis elegans model, narcissoside reduced degeneration of dopaminergic neurons and ROS generation, and also improved dopamine-related food-sensitive behavior and shortened lifespan...
October 23, 2022: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Agnieszka Zawiślak, Renata Francik, Sławomir Francik, Adrian Knapczyk
Flowers of red clover ( Trifolium pratense ), sweet violet ( Viola odorata ) and elderflowers ( Sambucus nigra ) were dried by means of air drying at 30 °C and 50 °C and by freeze drying. The content of polyphenols was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, while anthocyanins were quantified by the pH differential method. Antioxidant activities of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of the dried flowers were measured by the DPPH and ABTS assays, as well as FRAP and reducing power methods . The highest amount of polyphenols was determined in the ethanolic extracts of fresh red clover flowers (854...
May 5, 2022: Materials
Rodica Ana Ungur, Ileana Monica Borda, Răzvan Andrei Codea, Viorela Mihaela Ciortea, Bogdana Adriana Năsui, Sevastița Muste, Orsolya Sarpataky, Miuța Filip, Laszlo Irsay, Elena Cristina Crăciun, Simona Căinap, Delia Bunea Jivănescu, Anca Lucia Pop, Victoria Emilia Singurean, Maria Crișan, Oana Bianca Groza, Georgiana Smaranda Martiș Petruț
The use of gentamicin (GM) is limited due to its nephrotoxicity mediated by oxidative stress. This study aimed to evaluate the capacity of a flavonoid-rich extract of Sambucus nigra L. elderflower (SN) to inhibit lipoperoxidation in GM-induced nephrotoxicity. The HPLC analysis of the SN extract recorded high contents of rutin (463.2 ± 0.0 mg mL-1 ), epicatechin (9.0 ± 1.1 µg mL-1 ), and ferulic (1.5 ± 0.3 µg mL-1 ) and caffeic acid (3.6 ± 0.1 µg mL-1 ). Thirty-two Wistar male rats were randomized into four groups: a control group (C) (no treatment), GM group (100 mg kg-1 bw day-1 GM), GM+SN group (100 mg kg-1 bw day-1 GM and 1 mL SN extract day-1 ), and SN group (1 mL SN extract day-1 )...
January 20, 2022: Materials
Natalia Matłok, Ireneusz Kapusta, Tomasz Piechowiak, Miłosz Zardzewiały, Józef Gorzelany, Maciej Balawejder
Elderflowers are a well-known source of bioactive compounds. The amount of isolated bioactive compounds may be increased by applying various abiotic and biotic factors. Gaseous ozone (10 and 100 ppm) was used in the process of preparing flowers. Next, the flowers were treated with sugar syrup to extract bioactive compounds. It was shown that this treatment, including the influence of extraction temperature, significantly affects the contents of polyphenols (liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) methods) and vitamin C, as well as the antioxidant potential (cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC method)), the profile of volatile substances (head space-solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME methods)) and the colour of the syrup (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) L*a*b* methods)...
September 13, 2021: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Szymon Poliński, Sylwia Kowalska, Patrycja Topka, Aleksandra Szydłowska-Czerniak
In this study, dark chocolates (DCh) containing zinc lactate (ZnL) were enriched with extracts from elderberries (EFrE), elderflowers (EFlE), and chokeberries (ChFrE) to improve their functional properties. Both dried plant extracts and chocolates were analyzed for antioxidant capacity (AC) using four different analytical methods: 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), cupric ion-reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC), and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), while total phenolic content (TPC) was determined by Folin-Ciocalteu (F-C) assay...
September 11, 2021: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
S Baldovska, S Roychoudhury, M Bandik, M Mihal, E Mnahoncakova, J Arvay, A Pavlik, P Slama, A Kolesarova
Beneficial effects of Sambucus nigra L. (black elder) as a traditional medicine have been associated with the phytoconstituents including polyphenols, terpenes and lectins. Various antioxidant rich natural products have also been implicated with improvement of reproductive health and fertility, however, the effect of Sambucus nigra on the ovarian cell functions has not been investigated yet. The objectives of the present study were to screen the polyphenols in the elderflower and elderberry extracts, and to examine the secretion activity of steroid hormones 17beta-estradiol and progesterone by human ovarian granulosa cells HGL5 after supplementation of the extracts at a concentration range of 12...
September 10, 2021: Physiological Research
Pedro Ferreira-Santos, Helder Badim, Ângelo C Salvador, Armando J D Silvestre, Sónia A O Santos, Sílvia M Rocha, Ana M Sousa, Maria Olívia Pereira, Cristina Pereira Wilson, Cristina M R Rocha, José António Teixeira, Cláudia M Botelho
The main goal of this study was to chemically characterize an aqueous S. nigra flower extract and validate it as a bioactive agent. The elderflower aqueous extraction was performed at different temperatures (50, 70 and 90 °C). The extract obtained at 90 °C exhibited the highest phenolic content and antiradical activity. Therefore, this extract was analyzed by GC-MS and HPLC-MS, which allowed the identification of 46 compounds, being quercetin and chlorogenic acid derivatives representative of 86% of the total of phenolic compounds identified in hydrophilic fraction of the aqueous extract...
August 17, 2021: Biomolecules
Olga Palomino, Ana García-Aguilar, Adrián González, Carlos Guillén, Manuel Benito, Luis Goya
Sambucus nigra flowers (elderflower) have been widely used in traditional medicine for the relief of early symptoms of common cold. Its chemical composition mainly consists of polyphenolic compounds such as flavonoids, hydroxycinnamic acids, and triterpenes. Although the antioxidant properties of polyphenols are well known, the aim of this study is to assess the antioxidant and protective potentials of Sambucus nigra flowers in the human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y) cell line using different in vitro approaches...
August 10, 2021: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Cristina Aguzzi, Oliviero Marinelli, Laura Zeppa, Giorgio Santoni, Filippo Maggi, Massimo Nabissi
Macrophages exert an important role in maintaining and/or ameliorating the inflammatory response. They are involved in the activation of an immune response to pathogens, with a balance between the immunomodulatory role and tissue integrity maintenance, however, excessive macrophage activity promotes tissue injury and chronic disease pathogenesis. There is a high interest in evaluating the anti-inflammatory properties of new botanical preparations. Stimunex® and Stimunex D3® are two food supplements formulated as syrups, containing the extract of elderflower (Sambucus nigra, Caprifoliaceae), standardized in polyphenol (6%) and anthocyanins (4%), associated with wellmune WGP® β-glucan, with the addiction of vitamin D3 (in Stimunex D3® formulation)...
December 2020: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy
Stefan Stuppner, Sophia Mayr, Anel Beganovic, Krzysztof Beć, Justyna Grabska, Urban Aufschnaiter, Magdalena Groeneveld, Matthias Rainer, Thomas Jakschitz, Günther K Bonn, Christian W Huck
Elderberry ( Sambucus nigra L., fructus) is a very potent herbal drug, deriving from traditional European medicine (TEM). Ripe elderberries are rich in anthocyanins, flavonols, flavonol esters, flavonol glycosides, lectins, essential oils, unsaturated fatty acids and vitamins. Nevertheless, unripe elderflower fruits contain a certain amount of sambunigrin, a toxic cyanogenic glycoside, whose concentration decreases in the ripening process. Therefore, quality assurance must be carried out. The standard method described in literature is the photometric determination (pH-differential method) of the total anthocyanin content (TAC) that is the highest when the berries are ripe...
September 2, 2020: Sensors
Anne S Bertelsen, Line A Mielby, Niki Alexi, Derek V Byrne, Ulla Kidmose
Sweetness enhancement by aromas has been suggested as a strategy to mitigate sugar reduction in food products, but enhancement is dependent on type of aroma as well as sugar level. A careful screening of aromas across sugar levels is thus required. Screening results might, however, depend on the method employed. Both descriptive sensory analysis and relative to reference scaling were therefore used to screen 5 aromas across 3 sucrose concentrations for their sweetness enhancing effects in aqueous solutions...
February 29, 2020: Chemical Senses
Justyna Topolska, Anna Kostecka-Gugała, Beata Ostachowicz, Dariusz Latowski
The metal accumulation and antioxidant contents in flowers of wild specimens of European elder (Sambucus nigra L.), a famous medicinal plant and valuable component in the urban landscape, were determined. The total reflection X-ray fluorescence revealed the presence of K, Rb, Ca, Sr, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn associated with flowers. A typical, large, non-industrial city with considerable traffic and atmospheric pollution resulting from smog was chosen as a place of sampling. Obtained results were correlated with selected parameters of soil and the intensity of surrounding traffic...
December 5, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Alison S Scott-Brown, Sarah E J Arnold, Geoffrey C Kite, Iain W Farrell, Dudley I Farman, Dominique W Collins, Philip C Stevenson
This study provides first evidence of a thrips species pollinating Sambucus nigra and describes how interactions are driven by plant biochemical signalling and moderated by temporal changes in floral chemistry. The concept of flower-feeding thrips as pollinating insects in temperate regions is rarely considered as they are more frequently regarded to be destructive florivores feeding on pollen and surrounding plant tissue. Combining laboratory and field-based studies we examined interactions between Sambucus nigra (elderflower) and Thrips major within their native range to ascertain the role of thrips in the pollination of this species and to determine if floral chemicals mediated flower visits...
July 2019: Planta
Adriana Dillenburg Meinhart, Fernanda Mateus Damin, Lucas Caldeirão, Tayse Ferreira Ferreira da Silveira, José Teixeira Filho, Helena Teixeira Godoy
This study analysed 100 plants employed in Brazil as ingredients to infusions for their caffeic acid, 3-caffeoylquinic acid (3-CQA), 4-caffeoylquinic acid (4-CQA), 5-caffeoylquinic acid (5-CQA), 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3,4-DQA), 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (3,5-DQA), and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid (4,5-DQA) contents. The samples were collected from public markets and analysed using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UPLC). The highest concentrations of chlorogenic acids were found in yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis), 9,2g·100g(-1), white tea (Camellia sinensis), winter's bark (Drimys winteri), green tea (Camellia sinensis), elderflower (Sambucus nigra), and Boehmeria caudata (known as assa-peixe in Brazil), 1,1g·100g(-1)...
September 2017: Food Research International
Ângelo C Salvador, Armando J D Silvestre, Sílvia M Rocha
The volatile terpenic and norisoprenoids profile from elderflowers (Sambucus nigra L.) was established for two cultivars by multidimensional gas chromatography. From 47 monoterpenic, 13 sesquiterpenes and 5 norisoprenoids components, 38 are reported for the first time on elderflowers. Elderflower seasonality implies proper handling and storage conditions, for further processing, thus the impact of freezing, freeze-drying, air drying and vacuum packing, was evaluated on these potential aroma metabolites. The most suitable preservation methods, regarding the total metabolites content, were vacuum packing and freezing for intermediary storage times (24-32weeks) with a reported overall decrease of the volatile terpenic and norisoprenoids of up to 58...
August 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Aurélie de Rus Jacquet, Michael Timmers, Sin Ying Ma, Andrew Thieme, George P McCabe, Jay Hansford C Vest, Mary Ann Lila, Jean-Christophe Rochet
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta and the presence in surviving neurons of Lewy body inclusions enriched with aggregated forms of the presynaptic protein α-synuclein (aSyn). Although current therapies provide temporary symptomatic relief, they do not slow the underlying neurodegeneration in the midbrain. In this study, we analyzed contemporary herbal medicinal practices used by members of the Lumbee tribe to treat PD-related symptoms, in an effort to identify safe and effective herbal medicines to treat PD...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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