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Bas B L Penning de Vries, Maarten van Smeden, Frits R Rosendaal, Rolf H H Groenwold
OBJECTIVE: Article full texts are often inaccessible via the standard search engines of biomedical literature, such as PubMed and Embase, which are commonly used for systematic reviews. Excluding the full text bodies from a literature search may result in a small or selective subset of articles being included in the review because of the limited information that is available in only title, abstract and keywords. This article describes a comparison of search strategies based on a systematic literature review of all manuscripts published in 5 top-ranked epidemiology journals between 2000 and 2017...
January 23, 2020: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Suzanne K Linder, Geetanjali R Kamath, Gregory F Pratt, Smita S Saraykar, Robert J Volk
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of two search methods in identifying studies that used the Control Preferences Scale (CPS), a health care decision-making instrument commonly used in clinical settings. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We searched the literature using two methods: (1) keyword searching using variations of "Control Preferences Scale" and (2) cited reference searching using two seminal CPS publications. We searched three bibliographic databases [PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science (WOS)] and one full-text database (Google Scholar)...
April 2015: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Owen R Albin, Keith S Kaye
Misdiagnosis of bacterial pneumonia is a leading cause of inappropriate antimicrobial use in hospitalized patients. We report a novel strategy of keyword abstraction from chest radiography transcripts that reliably identified patients with pneumonia misdiagnosis and opportunities for antibiotic discontinuation and/or de-escalation.
April 29, 2021: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Catherine M Otto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2019: Heart
Elham Najafi, Amir H Darooneh
A text can be considered as a one dimensional array of words. The locations of each word type in this array form a fractal pattern with certain fractal dimension. We observe that important words responsible for conveying the meaning of a text have dimensions considerably different from one, while the fractal dimensions of unimportant words are close to one. We introduce an index quantifying the importance of the words in a given text using their fractal dimensions and then ranking them according to their importance...
2015: PloS One
Yoichiro Yamaguchi, Deokcheol Lee, Takuya Nagai, Taro Funamoto, Takuya Tajima, Etsuo Chosa
BACKGROUND: Most people currently use the internet to obtain information about many subjects, including health information. Thus, medical associations need to provide accurate medical information websites. Although medical associations have their own patient education pages, it is not clear if these websites actually show up in search results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate how well medical associations function as online information providers by searching for information about musculoskeletal-related pain online and determining the ranking of the websites of medical associations...
August 14, 2020: Journal of Medical Internet Research
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: Clinical Toxicology
Zahra Bahadoran, Parvin Mirmiran, Khosrow Kashfi, Asghar Ghasemi
An abstract is a self-contained, short, powerful statement that describes a larger body of work. It may be incorporated as part of a published paper, book, grant proposal, thesis, research report, or a conference paper. An abstract of a scientific paper will be published online independently, so it should make sense when it is read alone. An abstract of a hypothesis-testing paper consists of at least four key elements, as follows: (1) study question/hypothesis/aim, (2) experiments/material and methods, (3) results, and (4) response to the question/conclusion(s)...
January 2020: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Ulrika Margareta Wallgren, Eric Larsson, Anna Su, Jennifer Short, Hans Järnbert-Pettersson, Lisa Kurland
BACKGROUND: Current sepsis screening tools are predominantly based on vital signs. However, patients with serious infections frequently present with normal vital signs and there has been an increased interest to include other variables such as symptoms in screening tools to detect sepsis. The majority of patients with sepsis arrive to the emergency department by emergency medical services. Our hypothesis was that the presentation of sepsis, including symptoms, may differ between patients arriving to the emergency department by emergency medical services and patients arriving by other means...
December 20, 2021: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
Tanja Bekhuis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Michael S Vitevitch, Rutherford Goldstein
Network science draws from a number of fields to examine complex systems using nodes to represent individuals and connections to represent relationships between individuals to form a network. This approach has been used in several areas of Psychology to illustrate the influence that the structure of a network has on processing in that system. In the present study the concept of keyplayers in a network (Borgatti, 2006) was examined in the domain of Psycholinguistics. Keyplayers are nodes in a network that, when removed, result in the network fracturing into several smaller components...
May 1, 2014: Journal of Memory and Language
Theodoros G Soldatos, Seán I O'Donoghue, Venkata P Satagopam, Lars J Jensen, Nigel P Brown, Adriano Barbosa-Silva, Reinhard Schneider
Life scientists are often interested to compare two gene sets to gain insight into differences between two distinct, but related, phenotypes or conditions. Several tools have been developed for comparing gene sets, most of which find Gene Ontology (GO) terms that are significantly over-represented in one gene set. However, such tools often return GO terms that are too generic or too few to be informative. Here, we present Martini, an easy-to-use tool for comparing gene sets. Martini is based, not on GO, but on keywords extracted from Medline abstracts; Martini also supports a much wider range of species than comparable tools...
January 2010: Nucleic Acids Research
A Zink, B Schuster, M Rüth, M P Pereira, W G Philipp-Dormston, T Biedermann, S Ständer
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to estimate the prevalence of acute and chronic pruritus in the population at large due to a lack of affected persons seeking medical assistance. OBJECTIVE: To discover the incidence of pruritus in Germany and determine what the most common related complaints are via an analysis of Google's search volume. METHODS: From June 2013 to April 2017, the Google AdWords Keyword Planner was utilized to select and critically assess relevant keywords for 'pruritus'...
August 1, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
George Retsinas, Georgios Louloudis, Nikolaos Stamatopoulos, Basilios Gatos
In this article, a method for segmentation-based learning-free Query by Example (QbE) keyword spotting on handwritten documents is proposed. The method consists of three steps, namely preprocessing, feature extraction and matching, which address critical variations of text images (e.g. skew, translation, different writing styles). During the feature extraction step, a sequence of descriptors is generated using a combination of a zoning scheme and a novel appearance descriptor, referred as modified Projections of Oriented Gradients...
June 11, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
Yu-Hsuan Lin, Chun-Hao Liu, Yu-Chuan Chiu
This study hypothesized that national population health literacy might reflect on their keywords searching. We applied Google searches for "wash hands" and "face mask" during January 19 to February 18 as a surrogate of national population health literacy among 21 countries, and examine whether google searches for "wash hands" and "face masks" would protect from increased numbers of confirmed cases of among 21 countries We found the increased google searches for "wash hands" from January 19 to February 18, 2020, correlated with a lower spreading speed of COVID-19 from February 19 to March 10, 2020 among 21 countries (Pearson's correlation coefficient of -0...
April 10, 2020: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2019: Neuropsychopharmacology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2018: Neuropsychopharmacology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2020: Neuropsychopharmacology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2022: Neuropsychopharmacology
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