Craniofacial adaptations induced by chincup therapy in Class III patients

T Deguchi, J A McNamara
American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1999, 115 (2): 175-82
The purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of an orthopedic force produced by chincup treatment in patients with Class III malocclusion. Anteroposterior maxillary and mandibular changes were examined as were changes in the vertical dimension. Further, the possibility of posterior displacement of temporomandibular joints in treated Class III subjects was evaluated. Serial lateral headfilms of 22 young females (average age, 9 years), who had received chincup therapy were compared with those of 20 skeletal Class III subjects of similar age who received no treatment during the interval studied. A computerized x-y coordinate program was applied to analyze the cephalometric landmarks and measurements. The treated group showed improvement of the skeletal Class III pattern associated with a slight increase (0.8 degrees per year) in SNA and a slight decrease (-0.7 degrees per year) in SNB and also a decreased gonial angle. The distance from the condyle to the chin (Co-Gn or effective mandibular length) increased significantly less in the treated group in comparison with controls. Increases in lower anterior facial height were not different between the treated and untreated groups. In addition, the cranial base angles N-S-Ba and N-S-Ar showed no statistical difference between groups, but these angles tended to increase with time in both groups. Basion and Articulare showed almost the same amount of backward and downward movement in both groups. The results of this study indicate that the primary effect of chincup therapy was in producing a reduction in mandibular growth increments during the period studied. Maxillary growth was not affected during treatment. Further, the results of this study fail to support the hypothesis that chincup appliance significantly induces the posterior displacement of the glenoid fossa.

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