The influence of race on approaching families for organ donation and their decision to donate

E Guadagnoli, P McNamara, M J Evanisko, C Beasley, C O Callender, A Poretsky
American Journal of Public Health 1999, 89 (2): 244-7

OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether patients' race was associated with their families' being approached for organ donation and agreeing to donation.

METHODS: Logistic regression models were applied to data collected from records at 112 hospitals.

RESULTS: The odds that a family of a White patient was approached for donation were nearly twice those for a family of an African American. The odds of donation also differed by race, but the magnitude varied by patient and hospital characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS: Much attention directed toward racial disparity in donation has focused on attitudes of the public. The behavior of hospital staff also may be related to differences in rates.

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