Antimetastatic vaccination against Lewis lung carcinoma with autologous tumor cells modified to express murine interleukin 12

D Popovic, K M El-Shami, E Vadai, M Feldman, E Tzehoval, L Eisenbach
Clinical & Experimental Metastasis 1998, 16 (7): 623-32
Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a disulfide-linked heterodimer molecule produced predominantly by professional antigen presenting cells. It promotes the induction of sundry biological effects with significant relevance to antitumor immunity, such as enhancing a T(H)1 helper response, an in vivo antiangiogenic effect, induction of adhesion molecules that assist in lymphocyte homing to sites of tumor growth, and a direct stimulatory effect on both T-cells and NK cells. We tested the efficacy of an antimetastatic vaccine composed of autologous murine D122 cells transfected with both subunits of IL-12 cDNA to express biologically-active IL-12 molecule. Expression of IL-12 by D122 cells significantly reduced their tumorigenicity and metastatic potential in immunocompetent syngeneic hosts. Furthermore, vaccination of mice with 2 x 10(6) irradiated IL-12-transfected D122 cells engendered a protective CTL response which rejected a subsequent challenge with parental D122 cells and eradicated lung micrometastasis in animals whose primary tumors have been surgically removed. The antitumor effects of IL-12 were mediated primarily by its ability to induce gammaIFN expression in vivo. CD8+ T-cells as well as NK cells were crucial in the execution of the antitumor effects of IL-12. These results suggest that autologous tumor cells expressing IL-12 by gene transfer are a potent antitumor vaccine able to induce a systemic immune response against poorly immunogenic and spontaneously metastatic tumors.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"