JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Effect of glucose-water ingestion on exercise thermoregulation in men dehydrated after water immersion

A S Dearborn, A C Ertl, C G Jackson, P R Barnes, J L Breckler, J E Greenleaf
Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 1999, 70 (1): 35-41
9895019

BACKGROUND: The influence of non-ionic osmols on thermoregulation is unclear.

HYPOTHESIS: Hyperglycemia will attenuate the rise in exercise core temperature.

METHODS: Dehydrated by 4-h of water immersion (34.5 degrees C) to the neck, 6 men, (35+/-SD 7 yr) participated in each of three trials where 2.0 g x kg(-1) body wt of oral glucose (33.8% weight per volume) was consumed followed by 80 min supine rest (Glu/Rest), or 70 min supine cycle exercise at 62.8%+/-SE 0.5% (1.97+/-0.02 L x min(-1)) peak O2 uptake, followed by 10 min supine recovery with prior (Glu/Ex) or without glucose (No Glu/Ex) ingestion. Blood samples were taken periodically for measurement of Hb, Hct, Na+, K+, Osm, and glucose; mean skin (Tsk) and rectal (Tre) temperatures, and sweating rate (resistance hygrometry) and skin blood velocity (laser Doppler) were measured intermittently.

RESULTS: Mean percent changes in plasma volume (p<0.05) for the exercise trials were not different: -12.3+/-2.2% (No Glu/Ex) and -12.1+/-2.1% (Glu/Ex). Mean (+/-SE) pre-exercise plasma [glucose] for Glu/Ex was higher than that of No Glu/Ex (108.4+/-3.9 vs. 85.6+/-1.6 mg x dL(-1), respectively, p<0.05). Glu/Ex vs. No Glu/Ex data, respectively, at the end of exercise indicated that: Tre was lower by 0.4 degrees C (38.2+/-0.2 vs. 38.6+/-0.1 degrees C, p<0.05), Tsk was lower (32.0+/-0.3 vs. 32.4+/-0.2 degrees C, p<0.05), forearm sweating rate was lower (0.94+/-0.09 vs. 1.05+/-0.07 mg x cm(-2) x min(-1), p<0.05); and head (temporal) skin blood velocity was not different (1.67+/-0.21 vs. 1.51+/-0.24 Hz x 10(3), NS).

CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of plasma [glucose] prior to supine submaximal exercise in dehydrated men attenuates the increase of Tre without alteration of heat production, total body sweating, serum electrolytes and osmolality, or exercise-induced hypoglycemia: the mechanism may be enhanced peripheral blood flow that could enhance body heat loss.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9895019
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"