REVIEW
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Gastrointestinal manifestations of scleroderma.

Gastrointestinal involvement is commonly found in scleroderma. Gastrointestinal symptoms may be the presenting symptoms for the diagnosis and may precede the actual diagnosis by months to years. The esophagus is the most frequently affected, but functional problems of the anorectum, small bowel, colon, and stomach may occur. The pathophysiologic mechanism appears to be one of smooth muscle atrophy and, to a lesser degree, fibrosis. These changes result in gastrointestinal motility disturbances and may cause GERD, pseudo-obstruction, bacterial overgrowth, and defecatory disorders. Malnutrition may be a serious consequence. The evaluation of a particular symptom in a patient with scleroderma may lead to treatment strategies that improve the patient's sense of well-being and quality of life.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app