Evaluation of fast disintegrants in terfenadine tablets containing a gas-evolving disintegrant

E Sallam, H Ibrahim, R A Dahab, M Shubair, E Khalil
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy 1998, 24 (6): 501-7
Effects of four fast disintegrants on the dissolution of terfenadine tablets containing the gas-evolving disintegrant, CaCO3, were evaluated. In addition, effects of presence of starch along with the fast disintegrants on the dissolution of the tablets were examined. Dissolution data were treated to give dissolution parameters which reflected efficiency of the disintegrant combinations. The four fast disintegrants improved disintegration/dissolution of the original formulation. The relative efficiency of improvement was in the order crospovidone > Ac-Di-Sol > Primojel > low substituted hydroxypropylcellulose. The presence of starch advertently affected the role of the fast disintegrants. Scanning electron microscope studies revealed that starch covered the drug-containing granules and other particles of the tablet. pH changes during dissolution of representative tablets in 0.1 N HCl solutions were determined at specific time intervals. The progressive decrease in rates of acid consumption as a function of the amount of starch, along with the SEM studies, suggested that a barrier existed around the tablet particles. The barrier was generated by the swelled starch grains and was responsible for the loss of the dissolution-improving capacity of the fast disintegrants. Furthermore, the barrier interfered with the diffusion of the hydronium ions and therefore, impaired the function of the disintegrant combination.

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