JOURNAL ARTICLE

Umbilical one-puncture laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy in children

J Valla, R M Ordorica-Flores, H Steyaert, T Merrot, A Bartels, J Breaud, C Ginier, M Cheli
Surgical Endoscopy 1999, 13 (1): 83-5
9869698
To perform a laparoscopic appendectomy, three trocars are usually needed. In order to reduce abdominal wall trauma, we have adopted an umbilical one-puncture laparoscopic-assisted appendectomy (UOPLAA). We did a retrospective study of UOPLAA performed during last 2 years on 200 children aged from 5 to 18 years (median, 9 years). The patients were selected after clinical examination. No child with advanced generalized peritonitis or an abscess with a palpable mass was a candidate for this technique. UOPLAA was successful in 184 patients (92%). In 16 cases (8%), an additional trocar was required to manage perforated or retrocecal appendicitis. The mean operative time was 15 min, and the mean hospital stay was 2 days. There were no intraoperative complications. There were 10 (5%) postoperative complications (three parietal and seven intraabdominal). Four patients (2%) needed reoperation under general anesthesia. The UOPLAA is our preference in cases of acute nonperforated appendicitis because it is simple and fast, with good cosmetic results; but in 8% of our cases, an intraoperative difficulty (retrocecal location, abnormal adhesive band, peritonitis, etc.) arose that required the introduction of additional devices to ensure the safety of the laparoscopic procedure.

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