Journal Article
Review
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Outcome from treatment for spinal arteriovenous malformation.

Our knowledge of the outcome from treatment for spinal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is limited to a few small, anecdotal series and is thus far from complete. Furthermore, with the recent rapid evolution of our knowledge of AVM pathology, many reported cases are difficult to place in the current classification system. In general, outcome for the four classifications of AVMs are as follows: type I respond well to surgical disconnection of the arteriovenous fistula if treatment is early; type II AVMs are currently best treated by surgery but risks of a poor outcome need to be carefully considered; type III are only rarely treatable; type IVa and IVb are likely to respond well to surgery but our knowledge is limited; and type IVc are likely to fare poorly from surgery but should have a better outcome from endovascular therapy.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app