Suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in recent-onset schizophrenia

A S Young, K H Nuechterlein, J Mintz, J Ventura, M Gitlin, R P Liberman
Schizophrenia Bulletin 1998, 24 (4): 629-34
The objective of this study was to predict suicidality in people with schizophrenia. Ninety-six patients with recent-onset schizophrenia were rated every 2 weeks for 1 year to examine (1) the temporal course of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts and (2) the extent to which anxiety, depression, and mild suicidal ideation were followed by significant suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt. The severity of suicidality changed rapidly. Low levels of suicidal ideation increased the risk for significant suicidal ideation or a suicide attempt during the subsequent 3 months. Depression was moderately correlated with concurrent suicidality, but not independently associated with future suicidality. Therefore, low levels of suicidal ideation may predict future suicidal ideation or behavior better than depressed mood in individuals with schizophrenia.

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