Bilateral internal thoracic artery grafting may improve outcome of coronary artery surgery. Risk-adjusted survival

B F Buxton, M Komeda, J A Fuller, I Gordon
Circulation 1998 November 10, 98 (19): II1-6

BACKGROUND: Excellent clinical results of the patients with single left internal thoracic artery (ITA) grafting compared with saphenous vein grafting have prompted surgeons to use both ITAs. However, long-term benefits of the bilateral ITA grafting have not been proven.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We reviewed our experience of 2826 patients (age 62 +/- 9 years [mean +/- 1 SD], 2350 men, mean follow-up 52 months) who underwent surgery with ITAs, supplemented by saphenous vein grafts when required, between 1985 and 1995. Single ITA grafting (n = 1557) was compared with double (n = 1269), by means of the Cox proportional hazards model. Significant predictors of all-cause mortality were as follows: (1) peripheral vascular disease, rate ratio (RR) = 2.4 (1.7 to 3.4 [95% CI]); (2) prior myocardial infarction, RR = 2.1 (1.5 to 3.1); (3) severe left ventricular dysfunction, RR = 3.9 (2.6 to 5.9) and moderate left ventricular dysfunction, RR = 2.0 (1.5 to 2.6); (4) age > or = 70 years, RR = 3.4 (2.4 to 4.8), and age 60 to 69 years, RR = 1.7 (1.3 to 2.4); (5) diabetes mellitus, RR = 1.7 (1.3 to 2.4); (6) carotid disease, RR = 1.7 (1.2 to 2.4); and (7) single ITA (versus bilateral ITA), RR = 1.4 (1.1 to 1.8). Number of vessels diseased, surgical status (i.e., urgent versus elective), hypertension, and sex were not significant predictors. Unadjusted actuarial survival rates at 10 years were 86 +/- 3% (mean +/- 95% CI) for bilateral ITA group and 71 +/- 5% for single ITA. Single ITA was also a predictor of all-cause mortality, late myocardial infarction, or late reoperation (RR = 1.3 [1.1 to 1.6]).

CONCLUSIONS: Bilateral ITA grafting may improve long-term survival and freedom from late myocardial infarction or reoperation after coronary artery surgery. Mathematical modeling may assist in developing a strategy for use of bilateral ITA grafts.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"