Predictors of survival for prostate carcinoma patients treated with salvage radical prostatectomy after radiation therapy

L Cheng, T J Sebo, J Slezak, T M Pisansky, E J Bergstralh, R M Neumann, K A Iczkowski, H Zincke, D G Bostwick
Cancer 1998 November 15, 83 (10): 2164-71

BACKGROUND: Salvage radical prostatectomy is a treatment option for patients with recurrent cancer following radiation therapy. This study was conducted to identify predictors of survival for patients treated with salvage radical prostatectomy.

METHODS: The authors studied 86 prostate carcinoma patients who underwent salvage radical prostatectomy for locally persistent or recurrent prostate carcinoma at Mayo Clinic between 1967 and 1996. The mean interval from radiation therapy to biopsy-proven recurrence was 3.7 years (range, 6 months to 17 years). Patient age at surgery ranged from 51 to 78 years (median, 66 years). The mean follow-up after surgery was 5.8 years (range, 1.0-15.2 years). Cox proportional hazards models were used to identify clinical and pathologic factors associated with distant metastasis free survival and cancer specific survival.

RESULTS: Actuarial distant metastasis free survival, cancer specific survival, and overall survival were 83%, 91%, and 85% at 5 years and 69%, 64%, and 54% at 10 years, respectively. In multivariate analysis, radical prostatectomy Gleason score and DNA ploidy were independent predictors of distant metastasis free survival and cancer specific survival.

CONCLUSIONS: Postirradiation Gleason score and DNA ploidy were highly predictive of the clinical outcomes of patients treated by salvage radical prostatectomy after radiation therapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.