COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Respiratory muscle performance, pulmonary mechanics, and gas exchange between the BiPAP S/T-D system and the Servo Ventilator 900C with bilevel positive airway pressure ventilation following gradual pressure support weaning

R G Patel, M F Petrini
Chest 1998, 114 (5): 1390-6
9824020

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare respiratory muscle performance, pulmonary mechanics, and gas exchange between the BiPAP S/T-D ventilation system (Respironics Inc; Murrysville, PA) and the Servo Ventilator 900C (Siemens-Elma AB; Sweden) with similar inspiratory and expiratory airway pressure in patients who are recovering from acute respiratory failure.

STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, clinical trial.

SETTING: Medical ICU.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 27 medical patients on mechanical ventilators following gradual pressure support weaning. Each patient breathed while in the following equivalent modes: (a) an inspiratory pressure preset (pressure support mode) of 5 cm H2O with an external positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 5 cm H2O on the Servo Ventilator 900C and (b) an inspiratory pressure preset of 10 cm H2O with an expiratory pressure preset of 5 cm H2O on the BiPAP S/T-D. Using the CP-100 pulmonary monitor, we compared the total work of breathing (WOB), the pressure-time index (PTP), and other pulmonary mechanics and gas exchange parameters between the two modes.

RESULTS: The WOB injoules per liter (mean +/- SE) (0.76+/-0.08 vs 0.73+/-0.08, p = 0.70), the WOB in joules per minute (8.62+/-1.06 vs 8.11+/-0.96, p = 0.60), and the PTP in cm H2O/s/min (187+/-18 vs 167+/-18, p = 0.21) between the BiPAP S/T-D and the Servo Ventilator 900C were not statistically different. There were statistically significant differences between the two ventilators in auto-PEEP (1.34+/-0.37 vs 0.88+/-0.30 cm H2O, p = 0.03), duty cycle (0.44+/-0.01 vs 0.37+/-0.01, p < 0.001), and expiratory airway resistance (11.81+/-1.53 vs 8.75+/-1.22 cm H2O/L/s, p < 0.001), but not in respiratory rate (27.48+/-1.54 vs 28.06+/-1.61 breaths/min, p = 0.40) or in minute ventilation (10.43+/-0.59 vs 10.27+/-0.37 L/min, p = 0.66). There was a statistically significant difference in the ratio of Pa(O2) to the fraction of inspired oxygen (F(IO2)) (333+/-21 vs 300+/-22, p < 0.03) but not in Pa(CO2) (48+/-2 vs 47+/-2 mm Hg, p = 0.59) between the BiPAP S/T-D and the Servo Ventilator 900C.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite differences in initiating and maintaining the inspiratory and expiratory phases, in breathing circuits, and in ventilator circuits between the two ventilators, the performance of the BiPAP S/T-D is equally efficacious to that of a conventional mechanical ventilator in supporting respiratory muscles. Thus, the BiPAP S/T-D is safe and effective when used in mechanically ventilated patients recovering from acute respiratory failure who do not require total ventilatory support.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9824020
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"