Recombinant human granulocyte and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF and GM-CSF) administered following cytotoxic chemotherapy have a similar ability to mobilize peripheral blood stem cells

S Hohaus, H Martin, B Wassmann, G Egerer, U Haus, L Färber, K J Burger, H Goldschmidt, D Hoelzer, R Haas
Bone Marrow Transplantation 1998, 22 (7): 625-30
The availability of hematopoietic growth factors has greatly facilitated the mobilization and collection of peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC). It was the aim of this double-blind study to compare the PBSC-mobilizing efficacy of recombinant human G-CSF and GM-CSF when administered post-chemotherapy. Twenty-six patients with relapsed Hodgkin's disease were included in the study. Their median age was 31 years (range, 22-59) and 14 patients were males and 12 were females. Patients were pretreated with a median of eight cycles of cytotoxic chemotherapy, while 18 patients had undergone extended field irradiation. The patients received dexamethasone 24 mg days 1-7, melphalan 30 mg/m2 day 3, BCNU 60 mg/m2 day 3, etoposide 75 mg/m2 days 4-7, Ara-C 100 mg/m2 twice daily days 4-7 (Dexa-BEAM). Twelve patients were randomized to receive 5/microg/kg/day G-CSF and 14 patients to receive 5 microg/kg/day GM-CSF, both administered subcutaneously starting on day 1 after the end of Dexa-BEAM. Primary endpoints of the study were the number of CD34+ cells harvested per kg body weight on the occasion of six consecutive leukaphereses and the time needed for hematological reconstitution following autografting. Twenty-one patients completed PBSC collection, and six patients of the G-CSF group and nine of the GM-CSF group were autografted. No difference was observed with respect to the median yield of CFU-GM and CD34+ cells: 32.5 x 10(4)/kg vs 31.3 x 10(4)/kg CFU-GM, and 7.6 x 10(6)/kg vs 5.6 x 10(6)/kg CD34+ cells, for G-CSF and GM-CSF, respectively (U test, P= 0.837 and 0.696). High-dose chemotherapy consisted of cyclophosphamide 1.7 g/m2 days 1-4, BCNU 150 mg/m2 days 1-4, etoposide 400 mg/m2 days 1-4. All patients transplanted with more than 5 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg had a rapid platelet recovery (20 x 10(9)/l) between 6 and 11 days and neutrophil recovery (0.5 x 10(9)/1) between 9 and 16 days, while patients transplanted with less than 5 x 10(6)/kg had a delayed reconstitution, regardless of the kind of growth factor used for PBSC mobilization. In conclusion, our data indicate that in patients with Hodgkin's disease G-CSF and GM-CSF given after salvage chemotherapy appear to be not different in their ability to mobilize PBSC resulting in a similar time needed for hematological reconstitution when autografted following high-dose therapy.

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