Transnasal endoscopic excision of midline nasal dermoid from the anterior cranial base

D D Weiss, C D Robson, J B Mulliken
Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 1998, 102 (6): 2119-23
We recommend that every patient with a midline nasal dermoid be evaluated preoperatively by fine-cut CT scan, in the axial and coronal planes, using both bone and soft-tissue algorithms. Because of CT limitations for assessing soft tissue at the cranial base, a complementary thin-section, high-resolution, multiplanar MRI scan should be considered. Transnasal endoscopic excision of midline nasal dermoid should be used if the dermoid is located within the nasal cavity, and there is minimal or no cutaneous involvement. This approach can be combined with a short vertical midline lenticular excision of a cutaneous punctum. Vertical cutaneous excision should be limited; the best location is the nasal tip. Vertical nasal scars over the bony pyramid invariably widen no matter what intradermal suture is used. Endoscopic removal should be considered even if preoperative radiologic studies show extension to the anterior cranial fossa. Endoscopic excision could also be used to resect a dermoid extending between the dural leaves of anterior fossa. However, a combined intra-extracranial approach is necessary if the dermoid is in the falx cerebri. We agree with other authors that frozen sectioning the superior margin of the specimen should be done to ensure that there is no intracranial extension. Valsalva maneuver during endoscopic visualization of the cranial base is a valuable means of ruling out a cerebral spinal fluid leak.

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