Nipple reconstruction with a modified S-flap technique

C Lossing, S Brongo, H Holmström
Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery 1998, 32 (3): 275-9
A modified S-flap method for nipple reconstruction with two local opposing skin flaps, was used for a series of 21 women with a mean age of 50 years (range 30-64). Four patients had bilateral breast reconstructions, so the total number of reconstructed nipple areola complexes (NAC) was 25. The patients were examined 29-46 months (mean 36) after the reconstruction with particular reference paid to projection, size, sensation, and colour of the nipples. The patients also answered a questionnaire about their assessment of the final result. The mean projection of the nipples was 3.9 mm (range 0-9). Five patients had various degrees of necrosis of the skin flaps. One third of the women had some sensation in their reconstructed nipples. Two thirds of the nipples were pale. The patients estimated the final result as 8.2 (range 1-10) on a visual analogue scale.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.