Metabolic crisis: hyperemesis gravidarum

L H Snell, B P Haughey, G Buck, M A Marecki
Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing 1998, 12 (2): 26-37
Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy affect approximately 50% to 70% of all pregnant women. Although most cases of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy resolve spontaneously and are not associated with compromised nutritional status, a small percentage of cases progress to hyperemesis gravidarum (severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy). Hyperemesis gravidarum is a serious disorder that can lead to weight loss, dehydration, electrolyte disturbances, and occasionally death if improperly treated or left untreated. The article summarizes recent research on hyperemesis gravidarum, focusing on the definition, etiology, epidemiology, and current treatment of symptoms.

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