Incremental prognostic value of serum levels of troponin T and C-reactive protein on admission in patients with unstable angina pectoris

A G Rebuzzi, G Quaranta, G Liuzzo, G Caligiuri, G A Lanza, J R Gallimore, R L Grillo, D Cianflone, L M Biasucci, A Maseri
American Journal of Cardiology 1998 September 15, 82 (6): 715-9
Management of unstable angina is largely determined by symptoms, yet some symptomatic patients stabilize, whereas others develop myocardial infarction after waning of symptoms. Therefore, markers of short-term risk, available on admission, are needed. The value of 4 prognostic indicators available on admission (pain in the last 24 hours, electrocardiogram [ECG], troponin T, and C-reactive protein [CRP]), and of Holter monitoring available during the subsequent 24 hours was analyzed in 102 patients with Braunwald class IIIB unstable angina hospitalized in 4 centers. The patients were divided into 3 groups: group 1, 27 with pain during the last 24 hours and ischemic electrocardiographic changes; group 2, 45 with pain or electrocardiographic changes; group 3, 30 with neither pain nor electrocardiographic changes. Troponin T, CRP, ECG on admission, and Holter monitoring were analyzed blindly in the core laboratory. Fifteen patients developed myocardial infarction: 22% in group 1, 13% in group 2, and 10% in group 3. Twenty-eight patients underwent revascularization: 37% in group 1, 35% in group 2, and 7% in group 2 (p <0.01 between groups 1 or 2 vs group 3). Myocardial infarction was more frequent in patients with elevated troponin T (50% vs 9%, p=0.001) and elevated CRP (24% vs 4%, p= 0.01). Positive troponin T or CRP identified all myocardial infarctions in group 3. Only 1 of 46 patients with negative troponin T and CRP developed myocardial infarction. Among the indicators available on admission, multivariate analysis showed that troponin T (p=0.02) and CRP (p=0.04) were independently associated with myocardial infarction. Troponin T had the highest specificity (92%), and CRP the highest sensitivity (87%). Positive results on Holter monitoring were also associated with myocardial infarction (p=0.003), but when added to troponin T and CRP, increased specificity and positive predictive value by only 3%. Thus, in patients with class IIIB unstable angina, among data potentially available on admission, serum levels of troponin T and CRP have a significantly greater prognostic accuracy than symptoms and ECGs. Holter monitoring, available 24 hours later, adds no significant information.

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