Treatment of xanthelasma palpebrarum with bichloracetic acid

L J Haygood, J D Bennett, R T Brodell
Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.] 1998, 24 (9): 1027-31

BACKGROUND: Although many treatment modalities have been described for xanthelasma palpebrarum, no single technique has emerged as dominant.

OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to review the various therapeutic modalities for xanthelasma and to assess the efficacy of topical bichloracetic acid.

METHODS: Thirteen patients with 25 xanthelasma were treated with topical 100% bichloracetic acid. Efficacy was assessed over a follow-up period of 7 months to 10.5 years (average, 64 months).

RESULTS: Eighty-five percent of patients experienced initial complete clearing, and 72% of their lesions have not required retreatment over an average period of 68 months. Recurrences responded well to repeat treatment. Eighty-three percent of recurrent or poorly responsive lesions were associated with high cholesterol. The most resistant patient had four-lid involvement. Excellent cosmetic results and high patient satisfaction were seen.

CONCLUSIONS: Topical bichloracetic acid is a viable alternative to other modalities in the management of xanthelasma. Advantages include simplicity, cost-effectiveness, speed, safety, and efficacy.

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