Late eocene sivaladapid primate from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China

T Qi, K C Beard
Journal of Human Evolution 1998, 35 (3): 211-20
A new genus and species of Sivaladapidae is described from the late Eocene Gongkang Formation, Yongle Basin, western Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, southern China. Guangxilemur tongi, new genus and species, shows a combination of traits that occur separately in earlier and more primitive Asian adapiforms (Hoanghonius and Rencunius) and in Miocene sivaladapines (Sivaladapis and Sinoadapis). Phylogenetic analysis of dental characters suggests that Guangxilemur is closely related to the Miocene sivaladapine clade. Miocene sivaladapines were the latest surviving members of a broad radiation of Eocene adapiforms in Asia that included Hoanghonius, Rencunius, and Wailekia in addition to Guangxilemur. European Periconodon may also be specially related to this primarily Asian clade, but current anatomical data are insufficient to test this possibility adequately. Sivaladapine adapiforms and tarsiid tarsiiforms maintained relictual distributions in southern and/or southeastern Asia far beyond the extirpation of their closest relatives on other Holarctic continents near the Eocene-Oligocene boundary. This temporal persistence was mediated by Asian paleogeography, which allowed virtually continuous access to tropical refugia during a middle Cenozoic interval of climatic deterioration that coincided with the extinction of adapiforms and tarsiiforms in Europe and North America.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"