COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Prognostic significance of echocardiographically estimated right ventricular shortening in advanced heart failure

G T Karatasakis, L A Karagounis, P A Kalyvas, A Manginas, G D Athanassopoulos, S A Aggelakas, D V Cokkinos
American Journal of Cardiology 1998 August 1, 82 (3): 329-34
9708662
Little is known about the association of echocardiographic estimates of right ventricular (RV) function with survival, in relation to hemodynamic and exercise-derived predictors of outcome in congestive heart failure. We prospectively studied 40 patients (age 55+/-10 years, in New York Heart Association functional class III [70%] and IV [30%]), with left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction <30%. At enrollment, all patients underwent echocardiographic evaluation of LV dimensions and function. RV shortening was measured as the difference of the end-diastolic distance - the end-systolic distance between the tricuspid annulus and the RV apex. Thirty-five patients (88%) were able to perform a maximal symptom-limited exercise test. Peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and percent peak age- and gender-adjusted predicted oxygen consumption (%peak VO2) were calculated. Of 40 patients, 10 died during a mean follow-up period of 14+/-10 months. On univariate analysis, nonsurvivors had lower RV shortening (p=0.0001), higher pulmonary artery wedge pressure (p=0.009), higher pulmonary vascular resistance (p=0.02), and lower mean aortic pressure (p=0.05). Cox proportional-hazards model revealed that the only independent associate of survival was RV shortening (p=0.0005), with a trend toward significance for mean aortic pressure (p=0.08). The best cutoff point of RV shortening identified by the receiver-operating curve was 1.25 cm. This value had a sensitivity of 90%, specificity of 80%, and overall predictive accuracy of 83% to distinguish survivors from nonsurvivors. In patients with advanced heart failure, preserved RV function as indicated by an echocardiographically derived RV shortening > 1.25 cm is a strong predictor of survival.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9708662
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"