QT dispersion and autonomic nervous system function in patients with type 1 diabetes

K Aytemir, S Aksöyek, N Ozer, A Gürlek, A Oto
International Journal of Cardiology 1998 June 1, 65 (1): 45-50
Cardiac arrhythmias and markedly increased mortality rate have been demonstrated in patients with diabetic autonomic neuropathy. Abnormal prolonged QT dispersion interval (QTd) is associated with a higher risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between autonomic dysfunction, QT and JT interval dispersion parameters and ventricular arrhythmias. Twenty-six patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 20 healthy subjects as controls were enrolled in the study. Resting 12-lead electrocardiograms were recorded for measurement of QTd, corrected QTd (QTcd), JT dispersion (JTd) and corrected JT dispersion (JTcd). After taking ECG, all patients underwent autonomic function tests. Patients and control group were also evaluated by 24-h Holter monitoring. Fourteen patients were identified who had autonomic dysfunction. QTd, QTcd, JTd, and JTcd values were significantly higher in patients with autonomic dysfunction than both patients without autonomic dysfunction and the control group (QTd: 78+/-16 vs. 51+/-13 ms, P=0.002; 78+/-16 vs. 48+/-9 ms, P<0.001; QTcd: 91+/-14 vs. 66+/-12 ms, P=0.001; 91+/-14 vs. 61+/-11 ms, P<0.001; JTd: 81+/-12 vs. 58+/-13 ms, P=0.001; 81+/-12 vs. 49+/-7, P<0.001; JTcd: 96+/-15 vs. 73+/-11 ms, P<0.001; 96+/-15 vs. 67+/-8 ms, P=0.001). There was no significant difference between the dispersion parameters in diabetic patients without autonomic dysfunction and the control subjects (P>0.05). Also, patients with autonomic dysfunction had higher Lown classes of ventricular arrhythmias and patients with higher Lown classes of ventricular arrhythmias had more prolonged QTd and QTcd values. The data suggest that diabetic patients with autonomic dysfunction have increased dispersion of ventricular refractoriness, which may be one of the factors contributing to the increased incidence of arrhythmias and sudden death observed in these patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"