Effects of L-triiodothyronine and the thyromimetic L-94901 on serum lipoprotein levels and hepatic low-density lipoprotein receptor, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, and apo A-I gene expression

G C Ness, D Lopez, C M Chambers, W P Newsome, P Cornelius, C A Long, H J Harwood
Biochemical Pharmacology 1998 July 1, 56 (1): 121-9
The mechanisms by which thyroid hormone (triiodothyronine (T3)) and a thyromimetic, 2-amino-3-(3,5-dibromo-4-[4-hydroxy-3-(6-oxo-1,6-dihydro-pyridazin -3-ylmethyl)-phenoxyl]-phenyl)propionic acid (L-94901), lower plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and raise plasma high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels was investigated in thyroidectomized and sham-operated rats. Thyroidectomy resulted in a 77% increase in plasma LDL cholesterol, a 60% decrease in plasma triglycerides, and a modest reduction in HDL cholesterol. Daily oral dosing with T3 (10-170 nmol/kg) or L94901 (100-1000 nmol/kg) for 7 days decreased plasma LDL cholesterol in thyroidectomized rats by 60-80%, respectively. This reduction in LDL cholesterol was accompanied by a dose-dependent increase in HDL cholesterol levels of up to 60%. Thus, the ratio of LDL to HDL was decreased from 1.01 to 0.12 after treatment with L-94901 and to 0.25 after dosing with T3. In sham-operated animals, T3 and L-94901 lowered LDL cholesterol by 61 and 46%, respectively, and increased HDL cholesterol by 25 and 53%, respectively. Immunoblotting analysis of liver membranes prepared from thyroidectomized or sham-operated rats demonstrated that LDL receptor protein levels were increased by up to eight-fold. Northern blotting analysis revealed similar large increases in hepatic LDL receptor mRNA levels that accounted for the increases in LDL receptor protein levels. Hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase mRNA, protein, and activity were increased 2- to 3-fold. The T3- and L-94901-mediated increases in serum HDL levels were associated with 2- to 3-fold increases in apo A-I mRNA levels. In contrast with most other hypocholesterolemic agents, T3 and L-94901 significantly increase HDL cholesterol levels in addition to decreasing LDL cholesterol levels due to induction of hepatic apo A-I and LDL receptor gene expression.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"