Adjustment disorder: a multisite study of its utilization and interventions in the consultation-liaison psychiatry setting

J J Strain, G C Smith, J S Hammer, D P McKenzie, M Blumenfield, P Muskin, G Newstadt, J Wallack, A Wilner, S S Schleifer
General Hospital Psychiatry 1998, 20 (3): 139-49
The consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry services of seven university teaching hospitals in the United States, Canada, and Australia (the MICRO-CARES Consortium) used a common clinical database to examine 1039 consecutive referrals. A diagnosis of adjustment disorder (AD) was made in 125 patients (12.0%); as the sole diagnosis, in 81 (7.8%); and comorbidly with other Axis I and II diagnoses in 44 (4.2%). It had been considered as a rule-out diagnosis in a further 110 (10.6%). AD with depressed mood, anxious mood, or mixed emotions were the commonest subcategories used. AD was diagnosed comorbidly most frequently with personality disorder and organic mental disorder. Sixty-seven patients (6.4%) were assigned a V code diagnosis only. Patients with AD were referred significantly more often for problems of anxiety, coping, and depression; had less past psychiatric illness; and were rated as functioning better--all consistent with the construct of AD as a maladaptation to a psychosocial stressor. Interventions were similar to those for other Axis I and II diagnoses, in particular, the prescription of antidepressants. Patients with AD required a similar amount of clinical time and resident supervision. It is concluded that AD is an important and time-consuming diagnostic category in C-L psychiatry practice.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.