Diagnosis and management of complicated gout

C M Wise, C A Agudelo
Bulletin on the Rheumatic Diseases 1998, 47 (4): 2-5
Although a diagnosis of gout can be confirmed by the presence of monosodium urate crystals in synovial fluid, arriving at the suspected diagnosis and managing the disease can be a challenge for primary care physicians and specialists alike. Symptoms of gout can mimic other forms of inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis, pseudogout, or septic arthritis. Treatment can be complicated by the patient's need for drugs that contribute to hyperuricemia. Once other diagnoses are ruled out and urate crystals are detected under polarized light microscopy, treatment to end the acute attack and follow-up treatment designed to lower serum urate levels can be undertaken.

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