Cell proliferation rate by MIB-1 immunohistochemistry predicts postradiation recurrence in prostatic adenocarcinomas

D A Scalzo, B V Kallakury, R V Gaddipati, C E Sheehan, H M Keys, D Savage, J S Ross
American Journal of Clinical Pathology 1998, 109 (2): 163-8
We examined whether the cell proliferation index by MIB-1, HER-2/neu gene amplification, Gleason grade, and pretreatment level of serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) correlated with postradiation recurrence (PRR) in patients with prostatic adenocarcinoma. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections from 42 pretreated cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma (38 needle biopsy and 4 transurethral resection specimens) were immunostained for MIB-1 (MMI, Ventana Medical Systems, Tucson, Ariz). HER-2/neu gene amplification was analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization using the Oncor unique sequence probe (Oncor, Gaithersburg, Md). The cell proliferation index by MIB-1 was determined by labeling index; levels of HER-2/neu were analyzed semiquantitatively. Twenty-three of 42 patients (55%) were considered to have PRR on the basis of consecutive elevations of serum levels of PSA to greater than 1.5 ng/mL after completion of treatment (mean follow-up time, 33.4 months). The cell proliferation index correlated with PRR on both univariate and multivariate analyses. Of the 23 tumors that showed PRR, 18 (78%) revealed a high cell proliferation index, compared with 6 of 19 cases (32%) that showed no PRR. Twelve of 23 cases of prostatic adenocarcinoma (52%) in the recurrent group showed HER-2/neu gene amplification, compared with 5 of 19 (26%) in the nonrecurrent group; these findings reached near significance on univariate analysis. Pretreatment levels of serum PSA also reached significance on multivariate analysis. In this preliminary study, the cell proliferation index by MIB-1 reached independent significance in predicting PRR in patients with prostatic adenocarcinoma, whereas HER-2/neu amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization reached near significance.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.