Outcome of arthroscopic surgery to the temporomandibular joint correlates with stage of internal derangement: five-year follow-up study

K I Murakami, Y Tsuboi, K Bessho, Y Yokoe, M Nishida, T Iizuka
British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery 1998, 36 (1): 30-4
We studied the 5-year long-term outcome of arthroscopic surgery, and also investigated whether outcome correlates with stage of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). A consecutive group of 41 patients (56 joints) who had been followed up for between 3 and 5 years were involved in this study. The result was excellent in 22 patients (54%) and fair in 15 (37%). 7/14 were excellent and 5/14 were fair in stage III, 7/12 were excellent and 4/12 were fair in stage IV, and 8/15 were excellent and 6/15 were fair in stage V. Arthroscopic surgery of the TMJ is an effective and minimally invasive technique for various stages of internal derangement.

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