COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Open versus laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy for palliation in advanced pancreatic cancer

R Bergamaschi, R Mårvik, J E Thoresen, B Ystgaard, G Johnsen, H E Myrvold
Surgical Laparoscopy & Endoscopy 1998, 8 (2): 92-6
9566559
To assess short-term outcome of open (OGJ) versus laparoscopic (LGJ) gastrojejunostomy in palliation of gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) caused by advanced pancreatic cancer, 22 OGJ patients were compared with 9 diagnosis-matched LGJ controls operated on at the same hospital between 1991 and 1996. Patients undergoing OGJ and LGJ were comparable for age, gender, weight, American Society of Anesthesiologists grading, and previous extensive abdominal surgery, but not for gastroenterostomy performed as a prophylactic procedure (9 vs. 0, respectively). Mortality (5 vs. 1, p = 1.5), overall morbidity (9 vs. 3, p = 0.42), operating time (113.6 +/- 24.5 minutes vs. 125 +/- 15.2 minutes, p < 0.5), time to oral solid food intake (7.2 +/- 0.9 days vs. 5.3 +/- 1.3 days, p < 0.5), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug consumption (7,563.6 +/- 3,381.3 mg vs. 2,044 +/- 673 mg, p < 0.5), opioid consumption (688.5 +/- 258.6 mg vs. 2,910.5 +/- 2,659.9 mg, p < 0.5), delayed-return gastric emptying (5 vs. 1, p = 0.12), postoperative hospital stay (14.6 +/- 1.9 days vs. 10.1 +/- 1.8 days, p < 0.5), survival (5.7 +/- 0.8 months vs. 4.6 +/- 0.6 months, p < 0.5), and further hospital stay before death (9.8 +/- 3.3 days vs. 11.6 +/- 3.4 days, p > 0.5) were not significantly different in 22 OGJ and 9 LGJ patients, respectively. Estimated blood loss was significantly lower in LGJ patients (270.2 +/- 45.8 ml vs. 66 +/- 15.7 ml, p < 0.01). When 13 of 22 patients undergoing OGJ for treatment were compared with 9 LGJ patients, only estimated blood loss (p < 0.01) and hospital stay (p < 0.05) were significantly reduced in LGJ patients. Recurrent GOO before death occurred in one patient (1 of 22, 4.5%) 9 months after OGJ. LGJ for palliative treatment of GOO in advanced pancreatic cancer offered (in spite of the learning curve) reduced estimated blood loss and hospital stay when compared with OGJ.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
9566559
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.