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Application of MRI for small intestinal diseases.

Until recently, MRI has not been considered to be suitable for the evaluation of the small intestine due to artifacts associated with bowel peristalsis or respiration. However, recent advances of MR techniques enable the acquisition of clear images of the small intestine. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to review the details for the application of MRI in patients with small intestinal diseases. This article discusses bowel preparation and oral contrast agents as well as MR techniques and pulse sequences. Thereafter, the usefulness of MRI for the lesions in the peritoneal cavity or in the gastrointestinal tract are discussed. Small intestinal lesions are categorized into inflammatory, neoplastic, ischemic, and obstructive bowel diseases. In conclusion, MRI can be used as an alternate modality of choice for imaging various diseases of the small intestine.

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