B mode ultrasonography—spectrum of paediatric ocular disease

G Long, D A Stringer, H R Nadel, A M Fink, P Lewis, J D Carruthers, C Lyons
European Journal of Radiology 1998, 26 (2): 132-47

BACKGROUND: Despite having appropriate sonographic equipment available many radiologists remain unfamiliar with B mode sonography of the eye.

OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the advantages and disadvantages of B mode sonography of the paediatric eye. We illustrate the spectrum of eye abnormalities occurring in paediatric practice and the sonographic appearance of clinical entities for which sonography is appropriate.

MATERIALS AND METHOD: We reviewed our experience of eye sonography within a paediatric radiology department over 8 years. A total of 212 sonographic examinations were performed on 206 eyes in 103 children, aged from 3 days to 16 years (mean 4.6 years).

RESULTS: Sonography was well tolerated by the children, was a very useful imaging modality and was the only diagnostic imaging modality required in 94%. Supplementary computed tomography (CT) was performed in ten of 206 eyes (5%) and magnetic resonance imaging (MR) was performed in two of 206 eyes (1%).

CONCLUSIONS: B mode sonography is a very useful imaging modality for suspected ocular or orbital pathology in children and is often the appropriate first line investigation following clinical evaluation. Radiologists familiar with sonography of the eye can provide valuable support to their ophthalmology colleagues.

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