RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Factors predictive of survival among 337 patients with mesothelioma treated between 1984 and 1994 by the Cancer and Leukemia Group B.

Chest 1998 March
PURPOSE: To examine the individual and joint effect of various pretreatment clinical characteristics on the survival of patients with mesothelioma treated by the Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between June 1984 and September 1994, 337 patients with malignant mesothelioma and no prior chemotherapy were accrued to seven phase II studies conducted by the CALGB which screened the efficacy of 10 treatment regimens or dose levels. The eligibility criteria for all studies were virtually identical. Patient characteristics include the following: age older than 60 years (63%); male (83%); performance status (PS) of 0 or 1 (81%); chest pain (60%); definite asbestos exposure (62%); >5% weight loss (41%); and pleural involvement (94%). Median survival time (MST) for the 10 treatment regimens ranged from 3.9 to 9.8 months (overall=7.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 6.5 to 8.3), with 1-year survival between 14% and 50% (overall=27%; 95% CI, 23 to 33%).

RESULTS: Cox survival models and exponential regression trees were used to examine the prognostic importance of pretreatment patient characteristics. Univariate analyses show that patients with poor Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group PS, chest pain, dyspnea, platelet count (PLT) >400,000/microL, weight loss, serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level >500 IU/L, pleural involvement, low hemoglobin (HGB) level, high WBC count, and increasing age over 75 years have a worse prognosis. With decreasing risk ratio, multivariate Cox analyses showed that pleural involvement, LDH >500 IU/L, poor PS, chest pain, PLT >400,000/microL, nonepithelial histology, and increasing age older than 75 years jointly predict poor survival. PS was the most important prognostic split in the regression tree. Terminal nodes were amalgamated to form six distinct prognostic subgroups with MST (2-year survival) of 13.9 (38%) in 36 patients, 9.5 (21%) in 36 patients, 9.2 (10%) in 146 patients, 6.5 (3%) in 33 patients, 4.4 (0%) in 73 patients, and 1.4 (0%) in 13 patients (p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: The subgroup with the best survival (MST=13.9 months) included patients with PS=0 and age younger than 49 years, and patients with PS=0, age of 49 years or older, and HGB > or =14.6. The worst survival (MST= 1.4 months) occurred for patients with PS= 1/2 and WBC > or =15.6/microL.

Full text links

Management of Latent Tuberculosis Infection.JAMA 2023 January 20
Misdiagnosis in the Emergency Department: Time for a System Solution.JAMA 2023 January 28

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app