Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Laparoscopic gastric antroplasty in children with delayed gastric emptying and gastroesophageal reflux.

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A significant number of children (50%) with gastroesophageal reflux (GER) have delayed gastric emptying (DGE). Although controversial, many pediatric surgeons use a gastric outlet procedure in conjunction with fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux in these patients. This paper describes the technique and clinical outcome of 61 patients undergoing a laparoscopic gastric antroplasty at the time of the laparoscopic fundoplication.

METHODS: The charts of 61 patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric antroplasty in conjunction with laparoscopic fundoplication between May 26, 1992 and October 17, 1996 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients had a documented DGE confirmed by a liquid isotope meal being retained in the stomach. After completion of the fundoplication, a laparoscopic antroplasty was performed by incising a 2 to 3.5-cm linear incision in the pylorus and distal gastric antrum. The seromuscular wall was divided to the level of the mucosa allowing the mucosa to bulge through the defect. The wound was closed transversely using interrupted 2-0 silk sutures.

RESULTS: Four of the 61 patients underwent conversion to open antroplasty for technical reasons. The remaining 57 patients recovered uneventfully from the laparoscopic antroplasty with clinical resolution of both GER and DGE. Two of 57 patients had intermittent episodes of retching and were unable to tolerate large bolus feedings because of dumping. They were treated by dividing the feedings into two smaller portions. These symptoms cleared within 6 months. The remaining 55 patients have tolerated feedings well. Evaluation of the gastric emptying was performed randomly in selected patients with documented improvement of the emptying after antroplasty. An evisceration of omentum through the umbilical incision developed in one patient on the third postoperative day.

CONCLUSIONS: Patients with delayed gastric emptying who need fundoplication can be treated with laparoscopic gastric antroplasty in conjunction with laparoscopic fundoplication. Laparoscopic antroplasty appears to be clinically efficacious in improving delayed gastric emptying.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app